Abraham Earlywine -- a pioneer settler of the rough and bloody Ohio River Valley of Virginia in the late 1770s -- is believed to have been born in Friedrichsthal, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany in about 1747.
When he was about age 20, Abraham not only emigrated to the English American colonies but then went to York (later Lancaster) County, PA and became married. On April 19, 1767, he is believed to have been united in holy wedlock with Eva Catherine Glasser ( ? - ? ). Research by others suggests that Abraham and Eva Catherine produced five children -- Frederick Erlewine, Barnhart Erlewine, David Erlewine, Mary Carmichael and Jacob Erlewine.
Sadly, Eva Catherine is believed to have died in the year 1784, the year she gave birth to their youngest child, and also the year that Abraham's eldest child from the second marriage was born.
Evidence suggests that within a few months, Abraham married his second wife, Catherine Sailor ( ? - ? ) in about 1784. They went on to produce nine more children -- John Erlewine, Sarah Carmichael, Francis Erlewine, Adam Erlewine, Margaret Erlewine, Abraham Erlewine Jr., Susannah Erlewine, Elizabeth Erlewine and Jacob Sailor Erlewine Sr.
At some point in time, the Earlywines pushed further west to the wilderness region of the Ohio River communities of Wheeling and Moundsville, VA, the boundary of the frontier with Native Americans. They also became friends with fellow German pioneers John and Mary (Bonnet) Wetzel Sr., who had settled there in 1770, about 14 miles inland from the Ohio River, and whose sons Lewis and John were widely known as fearless Indian fighters. There, the Earlyines and the William Sivert family established a home in the Sand Hill District of Marshall County, approximately where the Earlywine Cemetery is located today.
Writes Allan Eckert in his book That Dark and Bloody River, they "followed Wheeling Creek three miles above Wetzel's claim and found a beautiful little stream entering from the north. They followed it upstream another mile and then climbed a hill to where there was a fine level ground with a clear bubbling spring 250 feet above the stream. With such isolation as this, they felt reasonably safe from Indian attack, and so they made their settlement here, and form the nature of the soil, they named it Sand Hill."
While the Virginia side of the Ohio River was friendly, the Ohio side was still considered Indian territory and was off limits to whites, punishable by death. As whites began to settle on the Ohio side and push further westward, natives became increasingly hostile. Killings between both sides were frequent.
Tragedy shook the family in the summer of 1779. One afternoon, neighbor boy John Wetzel Jr. went in search of some missing horses, and the Earlywines' son Frederick joined in the hunt. The incident is recorded in detail in the 1879 book History of the Pan-handle: Being Historical Collections of the Counties of Ohio, Brooke, Marshall and Hancock, West Virginia:
Further heartache and personal loss swept through the family on June 11, 1785, when Indians ambushed and killed their longtime friend and neighbor, John Wetzel Sr. He and his companion William Miller had been on a hunting trip on the Ohio. Foregoing conventional wisdom, perhaps lured into a sense of complacency, they ventured toward the Ohio side of the river. As the two paddled neared Baker's Station on Cresap's Bottom, three Indians emerged from the woods and shot, wounding Wetzel in the shoulder. After a struggle, they shot him again, and when he was dead, they scalped him and left him half-submerged along the river's edge.
Over the ensuing years, Abraham solidified his land holding with a formal purchase. On Jan. 29, 1802, he bought a 191-acre tract in Sand Hill for $100 from his friends Martin and Mary Wetzel, a carve-out from the Whetzels' larger 400-acre parcel. The land contained sugar, white oak, Spanish oak, poplar, elm and sassafras trees. There may have been some discrepancies in the sale, as the Earlywines paid an additional $30 for same acreage on July 5, 1806 to the Martin Wetzels and his brother and sister in law, Jacob and Ruhama Wetzel. Martin in turn had obtained the tract by a patent dated Feb. 13, 1801 signed by Virginia Governor James Monroe, which had been secured by a pre-emption warrant dated Jan. 13, 1787 (No. 2498).
Then on Aug. 31, 1809, Abraham was one of several men who witnessed an indenture between Nathan and Susan Goodrich of Ohio and John Wetzel of Ohio County, VA.
When the federal census was enumerated in 1810, the Earlywines made their home in the community of "Elizabeth," Ohio County. There were two males in the household under age 10, one male above 45, two females under 10, two females between 10 and 15 and one female between 26 and 44.
Abraham and his friends Joseph Karr, Simon Beall, Anguish Clark and Abisha Blujet were accused of "various offences" in the year 1812 and faced a hearing before a grand jury. The jury decided there was sufficient evidence to indict the men for trial. The outcome of the case is not yet known.
Abraham died in Sand Hill on Jan. 18, 1820. He is presumed to rest in the family cemetery at Sand Hill, as recorded in the 1989 booklet Cemetery Records of Ohio and Marshall Counties, West Virginia, compiled by Audra Rickey Wayne.
Unfortunately, Abraham died without leaving a last will and testament. He left the burden of distributing value from his 191-acre farm to his 14 heirs. The matter was not resolved for 18 years. At intervals, son Jacob acquired the inheritance rights of some but not all of his siblings. The estate finally was settled in about 1838.
By 1850, the family had grown so rapidly that there were 41 individuals in Marshall County's District 33 named "Erlewine" in that year's federal census.
In the federal census of 1880, son Jacob "Sailor" Erlewine disclosed that his father was a native of Germany and the mother of Pennsylvania.
Author Allan W. Eckert mentions Abraham on pages 16, 469 and 728 of his popular book That Dark and Bloody River (New York: Bantom Books, 1995).
~ Son Barnhart Erlewine Sr. ~
Barnhart Erlewine Sr. (1770-1834?) was born in about 1770.
Barnhart was wedded to Margaret ( ? - ? ).
When he was about age 45, in November 1815, Barnhart purchased about 100 acres of land from Charles Hillard of Morris County, NJ, who in turn was representing the estate of the property's absentee owner, the late Thurston Hillard. The land sat along the waters of Wheeling Creek and bordered the acreage of John Taylor, containing white oak, hickory, dogwood and other tree stands. (See Ohio County Deed Book 8, page 356.)
In May 1822, Barnhart and Margaret received $30 paid by his step-mother, as the guardian of her younger sons Jacob S. and Abraham, to secure the children's share of the family farm. (See Ohio County Deed Book 11, pages 143-144.)
On Dec. 1, 1834, perhaps as his life was ebbing away, he and Catherine sold a 16-acre portion of their farm to Roseberry Bird of Ohio County. The price was $62.00. The deed for the transaction, on file today in the Ohio County Courthouse in Wheeling, states that the land was along the waters of Wheeling Creek, and contained stands of white oak, red oak,
He died in about 1834, at the age of 64.
More will be added here when learned.
Son Barnhart Erlewine Jr. (1816-1890) was born in about 1816 in Marshall County, VA. He married Martha Roe (1826-1901). There was a 10-year gap in their ages. The couple had these known children – John Roe Erlewine, Reuben Erlewine, Ebenezer Erlewine, Margaret E. "Maggie" Spoon and Frances Erlewine. When the federal census was enumerated in 1850, the family resided in Marshall County, with Barnhart earning a living as a farmer. At some point he acquired a farm in Marshall County comprised of 135 acres and another in Calhoun County, WV of 100 acres. Barnhart wrote his will in August 1881, saying he was "of sound mind and memory." He bequeathed Martha one-third of their personal property and value of their home farm, but gave the farm itself to their son John, in addition to the residue of two thirds of his property. He gave son Francis the 100-acre farm in Calhoun County where the son was then living. He stipulated that $1,000 was to be given to married daughter Margaret E. Spoon but nothing to sons Reuben and Ebenezer as, he wrote, "I have provided for and advanced ... there [sic] shares in full." Barnhart passed away of tuberculosis (known at the time as "consumption") at the age of 77 on May 12, 1890. Son J.R. Erlewine provided information for the Marshall County death record. Burial was in the Fork Ridge Universalist Church Cemetery. Martha survived her husband by 11 years. She succumbed at the age of 75 on Jan. 5, 1901 in Marshall County. [Find-a-Grave]
~ Son David Erlewine ~
David Erlewine (1772-1850) was born in about 1872.
David married Mary ( ? - ? ).
In 1826, they lived in Ohio County. That year, in November, they agreed to sell his inheritance to 1/14 of the family farm to his brother Jacob for a price of $15.00. (Ohio County Deed Book 13, page 265) Because neither could write their names, they signed the deed with a rough mark of the pen.
In 1830, at the age of 57, he was a witness to a deed between his sister Mary Carmichael and brother Jacob Earlwine, and, unable to write, signified his mark with the letter "M."
He is thought to have died in April 1850. More will be added here when discovered.
Mary Erlewine (1783-1857) was born on March 12, 1783.
At a young age she was united in marriage with James Carmichael ( ? - ? ).
The couple relocated to Ohio and by 1830 was residing in Monroe County.
In 1830, with the Carmichaels living in Ohio, and a decade after the death of Mary's father, James and Mary relinquished their 1/14 share of inheritance to the family farm, and received a $20 payout from the estate by the hand of her brother Jacob. To formalize the Feb. 9, 1830 transaction, a deed was filed in the office of the Ohio County Recorder of Deeds (Deed Book 16, page 8).
She is said to have died on Aug. 7, 1857.
John Erlewine (1784 - ? ) was born in about 1784. Nothing more about him is known.
Sarah Erlewine (1791 - ? ) was born in about 1791.
She married Samuel Carmichael ( ? - ? ).
In February 1828, Sarah and Samuel lived in Ohio County and agreed to sell their right of inheritance in the family farm to her brother Jacob for the sum of $25.00. (See Ohio County Deed Book 14, pages 516-517.)
In June 1831, apparently not yet having been paid by her brother for the farm inheritance, Sarah and her husband apparently sold their share to John Dickey, who also used the opportunity to purchase the shares of Sarah's brothers Adam, David and Jacob. Dickey paid $150 to Jacob in a transaction recorded in Ohio County Deed Book 16, pages 441-442.
Frances Erlewine ( ? - ? ) was born in (?).
She may be the same "Fanny" Erlewine who, on Jan. 28, 1819, in Ohio County, was married to Erwin Stewart ( ? - ? ). James Harvey, VDM solemnized their vows. (VDM is an abbreviation for the Latin Verbi Dei Minister, which means "Minister of the Word of God.")
Adam Erlewine (1801-1880) was born on the Fourth of July 1801.
He was joined in wedlock with Susanah ( ? - ? ). In 1831, Adam and Susanah made their home in Knox County, OH.
Eleven years after the death of Adam's father, Adam and Susanah agreed to relinquish their 1/14 share of inheritance to the family farm. On March 17, 1831, they received a payout of $24.75 from the estate by the hand of her brother Jacob. To formalize the deal, a deed was filed in the office of the Ohio County Recorder of Deeds (Deed Book 16, pages 300-301). Because they were unable to write their own names, Adam and Susanah placed their marks on the deed, his with an "X" and hers with a dot.
In about 1838, Adam is believed to have received a land grant of 100 acres of land along Wheeling Creek, as recorded in the Sims Index to Land Grants in West Virginia.
He be the same Adam Erlewine who later was united in marriage with Mary (1807- ? ), who was seven years his junior. In 1850, census records show this family dwelling in District 33 of Marshall County.
Their known offspring were Jane Erlewine, Minerva Erlewine, Julia A. Erlewine, Mary V. Erlewine, Emmeline Erlewine, William Erlewine and Mary Erlewine. Heartache enveloped the family when daughter Julia expired at age 19 in about 1856 and daughter Mary V. died in July 1871 at the age of 12.
Mary succumbed on March 1, 1872, at the age of 65. Her remains were placed into rest in the Rock Lick Cemetery.
Adam died in his 79th year on April 26, 1880. Interment was beside or near his wife at Rock Lick.
Daughter Jane Erlewine (1832- ? ) was born in about 1832.
Daughter Minerva Erlewine (1834- ? ) was born in about 1834.
Daughter Julia A. Erlewine (1837-1856?) was born in about 1837. She died at the age of 19 and rests for eternity in Rock Lick Cemetery.
Daughter Mary V. Erlewine (1839-1851) was born in about 1839. Sadly, she was gathered in by the Grim Reaper at the age of 12 on July 5, 1871. Burial was in Rock Lick Cemetery.
Daughter Emmeline Erlewine (1840- ? ) was born in about 1840.
Son William Erlewine (1842- ? ) was born in about 1842.
Daughter Mary Erlewine (1848- ? ) was born in about 1848.
Margaret Erlewine ( ? - ? )
~ Son Abraham Erlewine Jr. ~
Abraham Erlewine Jr. ( ? - ? )
That year, having jointly purchased a 1/14 share of the family farm with his brother Jacob S., he bought the tract outright for $36, and then also acquired the share of their widowed mother for $28.00. The deed describing this transaction is found in Ohio County Deed Book 16, page 348
In April 1836, Abraham was named a Marshall County Road Supervisor for the term of office of one year. In this regard, he is mentioned in the 1925 book by Scott Powell, History of Marshall County, from forest to field: a story of early settlement and development of Marshall County, W. Va.
Susannah Erlewine ( ? - ? )
Elizabeth Erlewine ( ? - ? )
Jacob "Sailor" Erlewine Sr. (1800?- ? ) was born in about 1800, give or take a year, in Virginia. He was given his middle name to carry on his mother's maiden name.
When Jacob was age 22, on Jan. 30, 1823, he was united in marriage with 22-year-old Ruth Conner (1800- ? ). The ceremony was performed by Thomas Daken, and recorded by William Chapline Jr., the Ohio County Clerk of Court. She never learned how to write.
The Erlewines produced these known children -- Jacob Erlewine, Catharine Erlewine, Elizabeth Erlewine, Mary J. Erlewine and Ruth Anne Castello. They may also have had a son Abraham Erlewine.
In 1831, they made their home in Ohio County. That year, having jointly purchased a 1/14 share of the family farm with his brother Abraham Earlwine Jr., he and Ruth sold the tract to Abraham for $36, and Jacob's widowed mother also sold her share to Abraham for $28.00. The deed describing this transaction is found in Ohio County Deed Book 16, page 348.
Between 1832 and 1834, following the birth of their eldest two children, the Erlewines left the familiar landscape of the Wheeling valley and relocated to Ohio, settling on a farm in Cameron, Adams Township, Monroe County. Their new home area was about 30 miles downriver from Wheeling. There, they were enumerated on the 1850 federal census, with the census-taker spelling the name "Ereleywine." When the census again was made in 1860, the family continued to live in Adams, with their two youngest daughters under their roof, and the census-taker giving Jacob's middle initial as "F." rather than "S."
In 1870, census records show that Jacob was retired from farming and that Ruth labored "keeping house." Among their near neighbors were the families of Abraham and Nancy Earlewine and Isaac and Louisa Earlewine.
Census records for 1880 show the aged "Salor" and Ruth dwelling in Adams, with these others in the household -- Ruth A. Castello (age 37) and her children Nancy Castello (age 11), Minnie B. Castello (7) and Florence A. Castello (4).
Presumed son Abraham Erlewine (1824- ? ) was born in about 1824 in Virginia, today considered West Virginia. His connection to this family needs to be confirmed. He married Nancy McCoy (1822- ? ), daughter of Mary E. McCoy, of near Cameron. Nancy was an Ohio native who was two years older than her husband. Their three known offspring were Gilbert Erlewine, Jacob S. Erlewine, Rebecca Erlewine and William "Willie" Erlewine. In the late 1840s, they settled near Powhatan Point in York Township, Belmont County, OH, a small village directly across the Ohio River from Wheeling. The 1850 census shows them in Powhatan Point. By 1870, they had migrated to Adams Township, Monroe County, OH, and lived next door to Abraham's (presumed) parents Jacob and Ruth, and just a few houses away from his married sister Ruth and Andrew Castello and from Isaac and Louise Earlewine and their family of children. During the decade of the 1870s, the Erlewines maintained their farm home in Adams Township, and by 1880, census records show their children had all left except for the youngest, 10-year-old Willie.
Presumed son Isaac Erlewine (1829-1890) was born on July 27, 1827 or 1829 in what is now West Virginia. As a boy of age six or seven, he migrated with his parents down the Ohio River to to near Cameron, Monroe County, OH. He was united in wedlock with Louisa McCoy (1835- ? ), sometimes known as "Eliza," daughter of Mary E. McCoy, who owned a 25-acre farm near Cameron. The McCoys were of Scotch stock. Their nine children were Gilbert Erlewine, Charles Erlewine, Ruth R. Erlewine, Mary Erlewine, William Erlewine, Amanda Erlewine, Nancy J. Paden, Minnie Erlewine and Walter "Clement" Erlewine. In 1870, the Erlewines lived on a farm with their seven children in the Cameron area, with Louisa's "infirm" mother in the household. By 1872, the Erlewines migrated away from Ohio and moved west to the open priairies of Illinois, and later the same year pushed further west into Nebraska, putting down initial roots in Fremont. The ailing mother, who had suffered a stroke and stayed behind in Ohio, made her home with her daughter and son in law Nancy and Abraham Erlewine and passed away on May 1, 1874. In June 1874, the administrator of the mother's estate published a legal notice in the Woodsfield (OH) Spirit of Democracy that he would be petitioning the court for permission to sell the McCoy farm. In the notice, he named the heirs as follow: "William McCoy, who resides in the State of Iowa, Louisa Erlewine, wife of Isaac Erlewine, who resides in Nebraska; the unknown heirs of Stephen McCoy, deceased, who reside in the State of Indiana; Mary Jane Gilbreath and James Gilbreath, who resided in Jefferson county, Ohio, when last heard of; Charles McCoy, whose place of residence is unknown, Franklin Ross, who resides in Lawrence county, Ohio..." The federal census enumeration of 1880 shows Isaac and Louise "Erlywine" making their home on a farm in Everett, Dodge County, NE. Then in 1885, they moved to a new farm home near Fremont in Perkins County, NE. During those early years of carving a new life in the sod, the family went "through all the pioneer experiences, witnessing, drouths, grasshoppers raids, etc.," said a history of the region. "One instance of these times is well remembered... when he saw an entire field of corn completely eaten up by grasshoppers, the destruction consuming just two hours, and then the pests left the place." Sadly, Isaac died at about age 63 on Feb. 8, 1890. His remains were placed into eternal repose in the Fairview Cemetery in Grant, Perkins County, ME. [Find-a-Grave] When the census again was taken in 1900, the widowed, 64-year-old Louisa made her home with her married son Clement and his family, with her married son Charles and family residing next door. When mentioned in a profile of his son Charles in the 1909 book Compendium of History, Reminiscence and Biography of Western Nebraska, Isaac was referred to as one "who comes of German stock, and was one of the earliest settlers of Fremont Nebraska..." Louisa died in the home of her son Charles on Feb. 5, 1910, reunited with her husband after a separation of two decades. Funeral services were held in the Grant Methodist Episcopal Church. An obituary was printed in her old hometown newspaper, the Spirit of Democracy.
Son Jacob Sailor Erlewine Jr. (1830-1883) was born on May 13, 1830 in Ohio County, VA (later becoming West Virginia). He migrated to Ohio with his parents as a young boy and grew up in Adams, Monroe County. On Dec. 12, 1850, at the age of 20, Jacob married 21-year-old Pennsylvania native Anna Shipman (1829-1910), daughter of German immigrants John and Elizabeth (Yost) Shipman. Justice of the peace Jacob Tschappat (shortened to "Shappat") performed the ceremony. The couple produced these known offspring -- Mary J. Erlewine, David S. Erlewine, twins Louisa and Rosa Erlewine and Daniel J. Erlewine. During the Civil War, he served with the 77th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Company E, commanded by Capt. Robert E. Smithson. He enrolled on Sept. 12, 1862 and remained for nearly three years, receiving his discharge on July 31, 1865. In battle at Jenkins Ferry in Grant County, Arkansas on April 30, 1864, Jacob received a shrapnel wound in his right hip. He received medical treatment from the regiment's surgeons. Around that time, he also contracted what he called "malarial fever." He apparently moved when the regiment moved, and while at McIntosh Bluffs, Alabama, in April 1865, Jacob was a patient in the regiment's hospital. After the war's end, Jacob returned home. He and his friend M. Boughner provided contract labor, and in September 1876 received an assignment from the county commissioners "to make protection of timber and stone in creek below Cameron to protect the bank," said the Woodsfield Spirit of Democracy. Their fee for the work was $50. Ann was noted by a census-taker in 1880 that she could not write. In 1880, still living in Cameron, Adams Township, Monroe County, Anna's 77-year-old father and farm laborer John Shipman lived under their roof, as did eight-year-old Ema Andrews. To his neighbor John Shappat, who lived but a quarter mile away, Jacob complained of pain in his right hip and right breast in addition to a hacking cough. Jacob died from hardening of the arteries at the age of 53 on Oct. 10, 1883. Burial was in the Old Cameron Cemetery in Cameron, Monroe County. Anna survived him by more than a quarter century. In 1902, her of Monroe County property was assessed to determine the value of her assets in connection with her application to receive her husband's Civil War pension. At that time, she had 1.5 acres in Range 4, Township 3, Section 18 , and 88.17 acres in Range 4, Township 3, Section 18. Her livestock included four cows, one two-year-old heifer, three yearling calves, eight head of sheep and three and a half dozen chickens. In an affidavit she provided to the federal government, she wrote that her farm "is all hill land.... I have nothing to sell of the products of the land, neither grain or hay, it requires all that I can produce on the land to feed the cattle, sheep and chicks and bread stuff for myself." Stricken with acute diffuse peritonitis, she succumbed on Jan. 6, 1910, and rests with her spouse.
Daughter Catharine Erlewine (1832- ? ) was born in about 1832 in Ohio County, VA (later becoming West Virginia). Her name also may have been "Harmony," and if so, she may have married Charles Atkinson Conger and lived in Illinois and Nebraska, but this needs to be confirmed.
Daughter Elizabeth Erlewine (1834- ? ) was born in about 1834 in Ohio County, VA (later becoming West Virginia).
Daughter Mary J. Erlewine (1838- ? ) was born in about 1838 in Adams, Monroe County, OH.
Daughter Ruth Anne Erlewine (1844- ? ) was born in about 1844 in Adams, Monroe County, OH. She was wedded to Andrew Castello (1848- ? ), born in Ohio and four years younger than his bride. The Castello children were Calitalone Castello, Anna Castello, Nancy Castello, Minnie B. Castello and Florence A. Castello. Their home in 1870 was among a cluster of family dwellings including Ruth Anne's parents and brothers and their offspring. By 1880, the 37-year-old Ruth Anne had moved back in with her parents, bringing her daughters Nancy (age 11), Minnie B. (7) and Florence A. (4).