Elizabeth (Rowan) Hall was born on April 19, 1831, in Maple Summit, Fayette County, PA, the daughter of James and Catherine (Harbaugh) Rowan.
Unmarried at the age of 19, in 1850, Elizabeth resided with her parents in Youghiogheny Township, Fayette County. Then again in 1860, still single at age 29, she remained in her parents' household in Stewart Township, Fayette County. Evidence suggests that sometime between 1862 and 1866, when she would have been in her early 30s, she married widower Joseph Hall (1811- ? ). He was two decades older than she, and could neither rear nor write.
Joseph and his first wife, also named Elizabeth (1811- ? ), had had 11 offspring -- Abigail Hall, David Hall, Samuel Hall, Hilah Jane "Hiley" Hull Baker, Henry Hall, William Hall, Winfield S. Hall, Mary Hall I, Susanna Hall, Mark Hall and James R. Hall.
Evidence further suggests that our Elizabeth and Joseph went on to produce five additional children -- Sabina Catherine Knopsnyder, Levi Hall, Josiah Hall, Mary Hall II and one unknown.
There were 16 children in the combined family, with a span of 45 years in between the ages of the eldest and youngest. Elizabeth herself was only three years older than her eldest step-daughter.
When the federal census enumeration was made in 1850, Joseph and his first family lived in Henry Clay Township, Fayette County, with Joseph eking out a living as a farmer. By 1860, the Halls dwelled at Wharton Furnace in Fayette County, where Joseph worked with his sons David and Samuel as a day laborer. Their next door neighbors at the Furnace were Andrew Jackson and Minerva (Minerd) Inks and James and Sarah (Walters) Minerd Sr.
Our Elizabeth came into the picture in the mid-1860s.
By 1870, Joseph and our Elizabeth had relocated to a farm at Maple Summit, Stewart Township, Fayette County. The United States Census of 1870 shows the family as next-door neighbors to Elizabeth's parents, in whose home also lived Elizabeth's 81-year-old step-grandmother Martha (Minerd) Imel Harbaugh and cousin Lucinda Minerd. They apparently did not own their farm as the family is not shown in a detailed Stewart Township map in the 1876 Atlas of Fayette County.
Census records for 1880 list the Halls remaining near Maple Summit, and making their home near Elizabeth's parents and brother Allen H. and Joanna "Annie" (Linderman) Rowan.
Joseph's fate is not yet known, but will be included here once discovered.
At the age of 75, Elizabeth suffered a stroke and died quickly in the Knopsnyder home near Markleton in Black Township, Somerset County on March 5, 1907. A physician later wrote that "the death of the above named Person was caused by paralysis the left side of the body being paralyzed. there was no Doctor in attendance. the above information given by Son in law the undersigned who was Present and at whose home she died." Son Levi of Victoria, Fayette County, was the informant on her death certificate. Burial was in the Maple Summit Cemetery.
~ Step-daughter Abigail Hall ~
Step-daughter Abigail Hall (1834- ? ) was born in about 1834. At the age of 16, in September 1850, she lived at home with her parents in Henry Clay Township, Fayette County.
Nothing more about her is known.
~ Stepson David L. Hall ~
Stepson David L. Hall (1836- ? ) was born in about 1836. He served in the Civil War and died in captivity as a prisoner of war.
He grew up not having learned to read or write. At the age of 24, in 1860, he resided with his parents at Wharton Furnace, Fayette County and earned a living as a day laborer at the Wharton Furnace.
On Nov. 3, 1861, at the age of 25, David married 19-year-old Susan Workman (1842-1896), daughter of Solomon and Ann (Keifer) Workman. Rev. Jacob Beighley, having traveled from Brandonville, WV, officiated at the wedding ceremony, held in Wharton Township.
They produced one daughter, Mary Margaret Fike, who was born in Wharton. Susan Hall -- possibly the grandmother -- was present at the birth and likely served as a midwife.
During their brief married lives together, the Halls resided in Elliottsville, Fayette County.
Records show that David L.'s enlistment date was Nov. 2 or 23, 1862 and that he joined the 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry, as did his brother-in-law Jacob Hull. He and the 14th Pennsylvania took part in the Battle of Rocky Gap, or Dry Creek, near White Sulphur Springs, WV on Aug. 26, 1863. Both armies suffered a collective 350 casualties, including David's step-cousin Burkett M. Fawcett of the 3rd West Virginia Infantry, who was picked off by an enemy gunshot. View more images of the Rocky Gap battlefield site.
During the battle action, David's horse was killed and, when the regiment retreated, David was left behind and captured. From Rocky Gap, he was transported to the capitol of the Confederacy in Richmond, where he was incarcerated in the Belle Isle prison. The prison was sited on an island in the James River, where lower-ranking soldiers were held and typically only until more sutable facilities could become available. He may not have known that his daughter had been born in October 1863.
After three months on the unsanitary Belle Isle, and having ingested poor food and water, David contracted a deadly case of diarrhea. He was unable to recover and died on Nov. 25, 1863. His burial site is unknown.
Thelma Chidester Anderson's 1962 book, Workman Family History, reports of a "David Hall" who was "born about 1840 in Wharton Twp., Pa.; drafted in April 1862 for service in the Civil War and was later reported missing in action." The book The Fourteenth Pennsylvania Volunteer Cavalry in the Civil War states that he was captured and died as a POW.
The untimely death left Susan a widow and single mother at the age of 21. After the war, on July 18, 1865, she began receiving a military pension as compensation for her loss. [Widow App. #102.174 - Cert. #84.704] Friends John E. Collins and William Van Sickle, who had served with David in the army, provided supporting testimony of her claim, saying they had known the couple before the war. Sgt. J.M. Nesmith gave details of how David was captured in battle.
On Nov. 24, 1869, Susan remarried to farmer Ezra A. Thomas (Oct. 31, 1847-1938), but they had no further offspring. Upon this marriage, Susan no longer was eligible to receive the first husband's pension, but on Sept. 8, 1870, it was awarded to their daughter Mary Margaret. [Minor App. #190.317 - Cert. #145.435] Susan's father was assigned as legal guardian to her daughter.
Ezra was born in an 18 ft. by 18 ft. log cabin. As a boy, he joined the Church of the Brethren. The family was so poor that his mother used a certain store box for both a cupboard and table, and a large log was used as the fireplace mantel. Mortar for the cabin was handmade and carried in a bucket which Ezra helped to apply. At the age of 21, he relocated from Preston County to Wharton Township, Fayette County. He remained a member of the Brethren Church for 75 years and "was noted from early boyhood for his kind deeds and consideration of others," reported the said the Uniontown Morning Herald. "He had served as a member of Wharton township school board but was content to devote his life to God and to follow the tilling of the soil. Even after he passed the 85 mark, Mr. Thomas often drove his farm products in Uniontown and vicinity. He was noted for his square dealings. Although he never had a brush in his mouth or never cleaned his teeth, not one tooth was missing at the time of his death. A razor never touched his face or a barber cut his hair until several years ago."
Sadly, Susan died on July 12, 1896, terminating their marriage of about 26 years.
A little more than a year later, on Sept. 4, 1897, in Uniontown, at the age of 45, Ezra remarried to 30-year-old Sarah "Sadie" Van Sickle (March 15, 1867-1932), daughter of Samuel and Frances (Hensel) Van Sickle and a native of Somerfield, PA. The couple made their home in Farmington, and their marriage lasted for 35 years until the separation of death.
Suffering from chronic kidney and heart disease, Sadie died in Uniontown Hospital at the age of 65 on July 29, 1932. An autopsy was performed to determine the precise cause of death. Her remains were placed into rest in the Bethel Cemetery. Charles E. Collen of Uniontown signed the death certificate. An obituary in the Morning Herald stated that she was survived by a brother, Marion Van Sickle of Elliottsville.
Ezra spent his final years living alternately with his brother James M. Thomas at Gibbons Glade and brother Josiah A. Thomas at 26 Lawton Avenue in Uniontown. His eyesight remained "far above ordinary at that age," said the Herald, and he "still was able to read without the aid of glasses." In early February 1938, he attended both church and Sunday School at the Uniontown Church of the Brethren, and the Herald added that "The Holy bible was his constant companion and eternity held nothing but anticipated happiness and everlasting joy for him."
While under brother Josiah's roof, Ezra passed away at the age of 90 on Feb. 18, 1938. A lengthy story in the Herald noted that he had collapsed that morning as his sister in law "was washing his face in bed preparatory to going down stairs to his breakfast" and that he had "been in extraordinary good health until several days ago when his appetite was impaired." The Herald went on to report: "Retiring at 6:30 Thursday evening the remarkable man complained Friday morning of 'not feeling well.' His brother ... had been up to his room earlier in the morning. He had requested that his hands and face be washed for breakfast. Mrs. Thomas was complying with his request at 9:40 when the Deatl Angel removed one of Fayette county's most lovable citizens, who by clean living had gone far beyond the normal span of life.... Mr. Thomas went as he had prayed he would go -- without suffering. The light that burned for more than 90 years just flickered and went out as Death struck at a shinking mark." Funeral services were held in the Bethel Church of the Brethren near Farmington and burial in the church cemetery, with James Fike, Albert Rothermel, Henry Herring, James Fearer, Quinter Barnthouse and Richard Ghrist serving as pallbearers. Traveling to attend the funeral were Mr. and Mrs. Wilmer McArdle and son Robert of Cumberland, MD, Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Thomas of Meyersdale, Somerset County, PA and Mr. and Mrs. James Thomas of Clifton Mills.
Daughter Mary Margaret Hall (1863-1922) was born on Oct. 27, 1863, an only child of her parents. She was an infant when her father died as a POW during the Civil War. She was awarded a pension in 1869 as compensation for her loss, and began receiving $8 per month, payable to her grandfather and legal guardian, Solomon Workman. As a young lady, she joined the Church of the Brethren. When she was 19 years of age, Mary was joined in marriage with Rev. Silas Wesley Fike on June 3, 1881. They made their home near the Hatfield School House. Their children were John Orville Fike, Plura Pearl Fike, Bertha Ida May Fike, Nora Ellen Fike, George Emmel Fike and Hulda Minerva Fike. Mary Margaret died in Uniontown on July 18, 1922, caused by "acidosis" and shock from a fractured femur after a fall. Burial was in Park Place Cemetery. An obituary in the Uniontown Morning Herald noted that she "was the only child of David L. and Susan Hall, both deceased, of Elliottsville, Pa."
~ Stepson Samuel Hall ~
Stepson Samuel Hall (1838- ? ) was born in about 1838.
At the age of 22, in 1860, he resided with his parents at Wharton Furnace, Fayette County and earned a living as a day laborer at the Wharton Furnace.
He may -- or may not -- be the the same Samuel Hall who married Sara W. ( ? - ? ) and, as a widower, died at the age of 86 on March 8, 1924, in Henry Clay Township, Fayette County, with burial in the M.N. Thomas Cemetery in Markleysburg, PA. But this is conjecture and needs to be confirmed precisely. [Find-a-Grave]
Nothing more is known.
~ Step-daughter Hilah Jane (Hall) Hull Baker ~
Stepdaughter Hilah Jane Hall (1840-1909) was born in about 1840 in Stewart or Wharton Township, Fayette County. Her name also has been spelled "Hyle" - "Highly" - "Hiley" - "Hollie" - "Hilda" - and "Hyley." She never learned to read or write.
On Aug. 3, 1862, wor Aug. 17, 1863, when she was in her late teens, Hilah had married teenage farmer Jacob Hull (1840-1887). Justice of the peace Samuel D. Elliot officiated at the wedding, held at Elliott's Mills in Wharton Township.
They made their home in Wharton Township and produced these 11 known children -- Jane Hull, Lydia M. Hull, Mary Ellen Hull, John Henry Hull, William S. Hull, Anna May "Annie" Hixson, Sarah C. "Sadie" Shettler, Charles B. "Charley" Hull, Enoch H. Hull, Barnett Hull and Jacob "Cooley" Hull. With no physician in attendance during at least eight of the births, Hilah used the services of midwives Margaret A. Rankin and Nancy Wolf.
Jacob joined the Union Army during the Civil War. He was sworn in as a private on March 9, 1864 as a member of the 14th Pennsylvania Cavalry, Company E (or "K"). The regiment also was known as the 159th Pennsylvania Volunteers. Later, on Feb. 26, 1865, he mustered out of the 14th Cavalry and transferred to the 47th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company K. Many others in the extended Minerd-Minard-Miner-Minor family were mates of Jacob's in the 14th Cavalry, among them Adrian Johnston, Andrew Minerd, Jordan Nesmith, David J. Rowan and Jonas Rowan. Other 14th Cavalry soldiers within the Younkin family, which had very close ties to our clan, were Samuel H. Imel, Alexander Rush and William Henry Younkins.
Suffering from deafness and illness of his right lung, Jacob entered the Camp Reynolds Hospital in Pittsburgh in March 1864. Later that month, on March 27, 1864, he deserted. He apparently returned to the regiment.
While in the field near Gordonsville, VA around Christmas 1864, he was "hurt by hours [horse] fall in time of charge ... which caused rupture across stomach which caused me to be troubled with hemerage on the lungs." He also claimed tha he had suffered head and liver problems by catching colds while standing guard after nightfall, lying in the mud, having his head frozen fast to the ground and getting wet while swimming in rivers. A week or two later, at Winchester, VA in January 1865, he was treated in a camp hospital. Then in February 1865, he once more received medical treatment while in a field hospital near camp. In late March 1865, he was sent from Winchester to Harpers Ferry and was transferred to Washington DC in April 1865 for further examination. Recalled Jacob: "I have treated my self by geting medican and means till I spent every thing that I was worth."
Evidence shows that he was discharged at Washington, DC on Jan. 31, 1866, after which he returned home to Hopwood.
Upon returning home, friends such as Moses Rankin of Hopwood heard Jacob complain about his wartime ailments, including heart disease and feeble health. Margaret Rankin saw him sput up blood. Henry Hall of Fayette Springs worked with him and said Jacob could not do more than two-thirds of a day's work anymore. When A.S. McDowell of Dunbar hired him for day work in about 1868 or 1869, he said that Jacob "was not able to work more than half the time, and perhaps not that much & complained very much of his breast & in February 1869 from that time till May 1869 I saw him spit blood and he appeared to have lunch disease." Jacob himself wrote that "I regard myself as a walking skeleton, being reduced from 145 lbs previous to the war to 105 lbs now and losing daily." Physician Dr. Alonzo P. Bowie wrote i 1885: "I can't see how the man can work at all."
Jacob eventually applied for and was awarded a soldier's pension on Jan. 26, 1885. [Invalid App. #530.923 - Cert. #432.757]
But heartbreak enveloped the family when Jacob, unable to surmount his lung problems, and suffering from cough, spitting, chills and fever, passed away at the age of 47 on Feb. 13, 1887. Friend Moses Rankin was with him at the end. His remains were placed into rest in the Hull Cemetery, also known as Wharton Furnace Cemetery, and a marker erected at the site. His passing left his widow with 10 children under the age of 16. [Find-a-Grave]
Now without a source of regular income, Hilah petitioned the War Department and began receiving Jacob's pension payments in 1887. [Widow App. #351.216 - Cert. #255.221]. She received $16 each month in pension payments and rented her home from landlords Dr. A.P. Bowie and George D. Howell.
Hilah apparently was overwhelmed as a widow in her home at Tub Springs near Hopwood. In October 1893, recalled neighbor Mary Jane Hixson, she "left her children about one mile away and took up her residence with Jonathan Baker who resides just across the street from me and she spent most of her time there.... The house in which they resided is a story and a half house. A sleeping room and kitchen on the 1st floor. There are two beds in the sleeping room but I don't know whether they slept together." The arrangement was "open and notorious" and caused indignation among the neighbors, and one of them, Samuel Hixson, said that "there was considerable talk on the part of their neighbors that a coat of tar and feathers would be administered if they did not cease living together but people were afraid of Baker and did not act."
Then in June 1897, with authorities considering taking away her pension payments and awarding them to her younger children, she and Jonathan quarreled, and she returned home to Tub Springs. She stayed with the children for a few weeks or months, claiming to be sick with la grippe. But as she got well, she told her neighbor Jacob W. Rishel that she "couldn't stay away from John and that pension or no pension she was going back and live with him.... She said that her son Bill, now a man, could take care of her children." Rishel spoke with her during that brief period when at home with her children, and he commented that "I suppose you will have to go down and dress him up once in a while," and she responded that she "guessed she would." She promptly went back into the Baker residence. During that time, Samuel Hixson said, Hilah's son William supported his five younger brothers and sisters through his income as a "coal digger," but the children did not attend school.
When questioned, Jonathan and Hilah told a government investigator that she was his "housekeeper" but had no formal compensation arrangement other than him giving her a dollar from time to time and buying her one dress. They said that they slept in separate beds, without a curtain in between, and had seen each other unclothed, but never having had "carnal" relations. He admitted that they dressed and undressed in each other's presence. The investigator, D.H. Alexander, later filed a report saying that Jonathan was "disreputable" and that Hilah's younger children "were running wild in the woods. They have never seen the inside of a school house although they have resided within one mile of a public school."
Hilah's pension was terminated on Dec. 13, 1897, cutting off her source of regular cash payments.
After a dozen years as a widow, at about age 59, on May 8, 1899, Hilah was wedded to her 61-year-old lover, Jonathan "John" Baker (March 31, 1838-1915), son of David C. and Catharine Baker of Dunbar Township. The couple united themselves in wedlock. Jonathan stood 6 feet tall and had a light complexion, blue eyes and brown hair.
At the time of their marriage, Jonathan was a laborer and dwelled in Hopwood, while Hilah claimed to be living in South Union Township. Jonathan had possession of an old family Bible in which his birth was recorded -- the Bible having been printed in 1846 by Jasper Harding of Philadelphia.
Jonathan's first wife -- Cassandra Lucinda "Cascindy" Ogle (1839-1880), daughter of Hannah Ogle -- had died on April 22, 1880, at the age of 49, with burial at Mt. Washington Presbyterian Church cemetery in Farmington. Thus he brought these children to the marriage with our Hilah -- David Baker, William Baker, Otho W. Baker, Andrew "Andy" Baker, Lydia "Liddie" Wolfe, John Baker and Jennie Baker.
Hilah's and Jonathan's second marriage lasted for a decade, and the couple dwelled in Hopwood, where Jonathan earned a living as a day laborer. The Hall and Baker families had a close relationship, and Hilah's niece Mary Margaret Hall married Jonathan's son Otha Baker.
Jonathan also was a Civil War veteran, having served with the 6th Pennsylvania Heavy Artillery, Battery K. The regiment also was known as the 212th Pennsylvania Volunteers. He enlisted at the age of 26 at Uniontown on Aug. 23, 1864 under Captain Stone, and mustered into the army in Pittsburgh 10 days later, on Sept. 2, 1864.
Jonathan received a freak injury when stationed as a picket guard along the Orange and Alexandria Railroad line between Alexandria and Fairfax Station. Fellow soldier thomas McNatt described that "while out on a scout, while we were stationed at Alexandria Va., a twig of a bush flew back and struck him in one eye -- the left one I think. He incurred the injury about dark, along late in the evening.... I was at his side the moment it happened and he then complained of the injury and continued to complain of the left eye until discharged." While on duty at Fort Ethan Allen, across the Chain Bridge in late 1864 or 1865, he complained to friends of problems with his eyes, which were enflamed.
He also suffered from diarrhea, rheumatism and the mumps, which he claimed affected his right testicle. His face swelled and turned red. He received treatment from the regiment's surgeon. When the regiment received word of President Lincoln's assassination in mid-April 1865, he was in the hospital. Recalled Andew J. Dean, the regiment "was ordered to hastily report at Washington DC when they at once started on a double quick forced march for that place. [Jonathan] at the time by his cripled and stiffened up condition did not seem physically able to go along with them but under the exciting circumstances as then existed he volunteerily went...."
Jonathan continued his service until the war's end, mustering out with his battery on June 13, 1865 at Fort Ethan Allen.
After the war, Jonathan was awarded a military pension on Aug. 18, 1890. [Invalid App. #796.877 - Cert. #575.981] Providing sworn statments of support in his case were childhood friend and fellow soldier Jacob Moyer of White Cottage, OH; Clark Christopher of Muses Bottom, WV; Robert Anderson of Hopwood; Jacob W. Rishel of Gibbon Glade, PA; William Klink of Wharton Furnace, PA; Christopher B. Hadden of Fayette Springs; Dr. Jacob S. Hackney of Uniontown; Dr. Robert M. Hill of Farmington; Thomas McNatt of Lemont, PA; John Bierer of Uniontown; Daniel Turney of Uniontown; and brother-in-law Henry Hall of Fayette Springs. In Rishel's deposition dated July 1897, he reported that:
I have known Jonathan Baker all my life. We was neighbors down to 1892. I saw him when he came home from the army. He dide not then have or cmoplain of any disease or disability to my knowledge, but about five years aftr discharge erysipelas [a bacterial skin infection] took hold of him. It appeared in his face and scalp and on his legs. At that time his head and face was so badly swollen that he could not see and the scalp was so affected that it became necessary to shave his head. He has had occasinoal attack of erysipelas down to the present time. For about 10 years he has had some trouble with his left eye and the vision of that eye has been impaired. There was a "scum" appeared on the eye ball and had gradually extended over the pupil of the left eye so that the vision is now almost destroyed.
Daniel Turney of Uniontown said that in the 1890s, he had seen Jonathan at times when his skin was badly broken out with "eruptions... all over his face." In examining the case, a government official once wrote that "Among his neighbors [Jonathan] bears a bad reputation."
Jonathan dwelled in South Union Township in 1890 when a special census was taken of Civil War veterans. The 1890 census states that Jonathan's sight had been "injured." But he eventually was dropped from the pension rolls, circa 1897 for reasons that were not clear. Then in December 1899, his next-door neighbor Richard Varndell of Hopwood wrote to the Commissioner of Pensions in Washington, DC, asking that the payments be restored.
I live neighbor to Mr. Baker not over 25 yards and I think Mr. Baker ought to be restored back on the pensino roll fo rthe reason that he is not able to do manual labor but he has to work wether [sic] or not and he has had a verry sore leg for a long time, something like erysipelas and ought not to work at all. I have known Mr. Baker for several years and he i a sober and endustrious man. Also I will give or send you the names of some of his neighbors that will state the same facts if you wish them to.
At the age of 67, in late August 1909, Hilah contracted tuberculosis with diarrhea, and while under treatment from Dr. C.W. Adams, the illness was incurable. She succumbed on Sept. 5, 1909. Interment was in Wharton Cemetery, today known as "Hull Cemetery."
Jonathan survived his wife by six years, remaining in Hopwood. In the spring of 1915, burdened with paralysis, prostate problems and cystitis, he was stricken with influenza, and his health plummeted. He passed into eternity on April 10, 1915. Son Andy Baker of Hopwood signed the certificate of death. His remains were placed into rest at the Mt. Washington Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Chalk Hill.
Daughter Jane Hull (1861- ? ) was born in about 1861.
Daughter Lydia M. Hull (1863- ? ) was born in about 1863.
Daughter Mary Ellen Hull (1865- ? ) was born in about 1865.
Son John Henry Hull (1868-1934) was born on April 15, 1868. He was a laborer as a young man. When he was age 22, on Feb. 2, 1891, he and 18-year-old Melverta "Melverdie" Rishel (Oct. 3, 1873-1930) united themselves in marriage. She was the daughter of Jacob and Emma (Walls) Rishel. Neither John nor Melverta could write their names other than with an "X." The Hulls dwelled in Wharton Township and were longtime farmers. Their eight known offspring were Hilda Hallie Hall Van Sickle, Jonathan Hull, William Jacob Hull, Henry Hull, Isaac Hull, Winifred Hull, Alice Burnworth, Emma Parks and Martha Browning. Sadly, Melverta was stricken with stomach cancer and sought treatment for her pain on New Year's Day 1930. Her health declined quickly, and she passed away less than seven months later, on July 24, 1930, at the age of 56. Burial was at Chalk Hill Lutheran Church Cemetery, with Rev. Weller officiating at the funeral. The obituary in the Uniontown Morning Herald misspelled her name as "Nellberda." John survived his wife by four years. In about 1933, he began to show symptoms of an obstruction in his heart, and he underwent surgery. His health slipped away until death occurred on June 3, 1934. Interment was in the Lutheran Church Cemetery in Chalk Hill, with Rev. Calvin Wolf officiating. Ruth Hull of Chalk Hill was the informant for the official Pennsylvania certificate of death. In an obituary, the Uniontown Daily News Standard reported that his survivors included 29 grandchildren. [Find-a-Grave] In 1961, at the death of their son William, Melverda's name was misspelled on the death certificate as "Alberta."
Son William S. Hull (1871-1938) was born on Nov. 7 or 18, 1871 in Wharton Township. Midwife Margaret A. Rankin assisted in the birth. He was a coal miner working at the Oliphant coke ovens, and after his mother abandoned her children, he was their primary source of financial support. While twice married, he did not reproduce. At the age of 30, he obtained a marriage license to wed 39-year-old Emma (Smith) Congrove ( ? - ? ), daughter of James and Mahala Smith of Ross and Meigs Counties, OH, and who had lost her first husband to death on Sept. 9, 1892. But the actual wedding did not take place for another seven years, until they united themselves in marital union, on Sept. 21, 1910, when he was 37 and she 44. Later, he was joined in wedlock with Emma Smith (1856-1930), daughter of James Smith of Ohio and some 14 years older than her husband. William and Emma lived in Chalk Hill. Sadness blanketed the family when Emma suffered from aortic regurgitation and died at the age of 74 on Dec. 10, 1930. Interment was in Chalk Hill. William survived his wife by eight years. He became afflicted with acute cerebro-spinal syphilis, and was unable to continue working. As a patient in Uniontown Hospital, he died at age 68 on March 19, 1938, of what the Uniontown Morning Herald called "a lingering illness." Burial was in Chalk Hill, with Jonathan Hull providing details for the death certificate.
Daughter Anna May "Annie" Hull (1875-1952) was born on April 12, 1875 in Chalk Hill, Wharton Township. Midwife Nancy Wolf assisted in the birth. On Aug. 27, 1894, when she was about age 19, she and 23-year-old Morris Hixson (1871-1938), also spelled "Hixen," submitted a marriage license application, but it was never completed or returned to Fayette County officials. Nonetheless, the couple became married. Morris was the son of Samuel and Louisa (Gallahorn) Hixson and a fellow resident of Hopwood. Neither could read or write, but signed their names with an "X." Their children were Allen Hixen, Harry Hixen, Calvin Hixen, Henry Hixen, Joseph Hixen, Hilda Deffenbaugh and Emma Felger. Morris earned a living over the years as a laborer. In 1938, the Hixsons (spelled "Hixon") lived near Hopwood. Sadly, having suffered for five years from chronic heart disease, Morris died at the age of 66 on Aug. 23, 1938. Burial was in Hopwood, with funeral services held at the Hopwood Methodist Protestant Church, officiated by Rev. Stillwagon, and with Alice B. Patton signing the death certificate. An obituary in the Uniontown Morning Herald noted that in addition to his children, he was survived by six grandchildren and by his brother Raymond Hixen of Texas. Anna survived her spouse by a baker's dozen years. Burdened with senility, congestive heart failure and hardening of the arteries, she was admitted to Uniontown Hospital where she succumbed at age 81 on Nov. 11, 1952. Joseph Hixen of Hopwood signed the death certificate.
Daughter Sarah C. "Sadie" Hull (1877-1950) was born overnight on March 16-17, 1877 in Wharton Township. Midwife Margaret A. Rankin assisted in the birth. She lived in Hopwood as a young woman. When she was age 19, on Dec. 14, 1896, she applied for a marriage license with 22-year-old laborer Harry P. Smith ( ? - ? ), a resident of the coal mining patch town of Brownfield and the son of George H. and Mahala Smith of West Virginia. As the marriage license was never returned, the couple may not have actually been joined together in matrimony. Sadie eventually married Joseph C. Shettler ( ? - ? ). Their only known daughter was Cecelia Show. They dwelled in Puritan, near McClellandtown, Fayette County in 1938-1950. At the age of 72, Sadie died at home on April 24, 1950. The Uniontown Morning Herald reported that Rev. David Hunter officiated at the funeral service with burial in the family plot at Church Hill Cemetery.
Son Charles B. "Charley" Hull (1879- ? ) was born on Feb. 15, 1879 in Wharton Township. Midwife Margaret A. Rankin assisted in the birth. In young manhood, he lived in Hopwood and worked as a laborer. On April 25, 1900, at the age of 21, he was joined in holy matrimony with 16-year-old English immigrant Margaret Kegg (1883- ? ), daughter of Alexander and Anna Kegg. Because she was so young, her parents had to provide their consent. The couple united themselves in wedlock, with O.G. Chick and A.D. Williams as witnesses. After 13 years of marriage, the couple divorced on May 31, 1913. Eight months later, the 33-year-old Charley was wedded to his second bride, 17-year-old Elizabeth Rhodes (1897- ? ), daughter of Otho and Martha (Fouch) Rhodes of Bitner, PA. The ceremony took place on Jan. 20, 1914, again without benefit of clergy or alderman, with Charles O. Schroyer and H.R. Fitterington serving as witnesses. When asked on the marriage license application for his parents' birthplaces, Charley replied, "Can't say." The couple went on to produce four known children -- Charles Hull, Lloyd Hull, Violet Hull and Cooley Hull. In 1935, they made their home in Washington County, PA -- in 1940 when on the U.S. Census in Morgan Township, Greene County, halfway between Rogersville and Carmichaels -- in 1949 in Clarksville, Greene County -- and in 1950 in Lippencott, PA. His work in 1940 was as a road man in a coal mine.
Son Enoch H. Hull (1880-1949) was born on April 11 or 12, 1880 in South Union. Midwife Margaret A. Rankin assisted in the birth. Enoch was married but later divorced. Their four daughters were Nelle Baer, Mildred McMillen, Ruby Jones and Ruby Karites. Enoch earned income over the years as a laborer. As did his half-brother Andrew Baker, Enoch made his residence on Buttermilk Lane in Hopwood. He was a member of the Hopwood Methodist Church and the Fayette Fox Hunters Association. Enoch suffered a coronary occlusion and died suddenly at home on Aug. 14, 1949. Signing the death certificate was Fred Baer of Hopwood. His remains were placed into repose in White Rock Cemetery in Fairchance. The Uniontown Morning Herald noted in a front-page obituary that he was survived by a dozen grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.
Daughter Barnett Hull (1882- ? ) was born on May 26, 1882. Midwife Margaret A. Rankin assisted in the birth. She was alive circa 1887 when her mother applied for a Civil War widow's pension. Nothing more is known.
Son Jacob "Cooley" Hull (1885-1954) was born on April 28, 1885 in Hopwood, Fayette County. Midwife Margaret A. Rankin assisted in the birth. He was but a toddler of two when his father died. Cooley married Bessie Van Sickle ( ? - ? ). They produced three children, among them Morford Hull and Raye Leckemby. In about 1917, they established a home in Smithfield, Fayette County, where they remained for the duration of the marriage. Cooley was a longtime coal miner and a member of the United Mine Workers' Kyle Local No. 6707. In December 1940, Cooley and his son Morford traveled to Potter County, PA to hunt deer, and both brought back kills. Reported the Uniontown Morning Herald, "Their grandson and nephew, Roy Paul Leckemby, found that acres of diamonds can be closer home for he killed a large buck within a few miles of his grandfather's residence in the neighboring township." Then in July 1941, Cooley and his daughter and grandchildren were among 53 who attended the Hull family reunion held at Mt. Vernon Park near Connellsville. "Dinner was served picnic style and during the afternoon there were races and games for young and old with attractive prizes for all the winners," noted the Morning Herald. Other attendees were Margaret Dean, Samuel Dean and Mr. and Mrs. Robert Dean of Southwest, PA; Mr. and Mrs. Charles Johnson and David Johnson of Uniontown; Mr. and Mrs. George Hull of Mormonville, PA; Geraldine Witt, Mr. and Mrs. Elmer Lanning, Blair Grimm, Ruth and Jean Grimm, Brade Ritenour and John K. Ritenour of Breakneck, PA; Mr. and Mrs. Woodrow Hull and children Ruth, Paul and Martha of Mormonville; Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Hull Sr., John Grist and Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Bashoun of Ruffsdale, PA; Mr. and Mrs. Charles King and daughter, Mrs. Joseph Hull and children Bobby, Junior, Jake, Eugene, Jimmy, Margaret, Lucille and Janet of Alverton, PA; Katherine Brooks and daughter Rebecca of Republic, PA; and Mr. and Mrs. Jake Murphy and sons Kenneth and Teddy of Ronco, PA. Trouble came the Hulls' way in late 1950 when Mary Breakiron, relationship unknown, filed a claim of assault and battery against Cooley and Bessie, leading to a grand jury inquest and embarrassing publicity in the Uniontown newspapers. Sadly, burdened with congestive heart failure, Cooley died at the age of 68 on Feb. 1, 1954. Their daughter Raye signed the Pennsylvania death certificate. Interment was in the Odd Fellows Cemetery in Smithfield.
Stepson David Baker (1862- ? ) was born in about 1862.
Stepson William Baker (1866- ? ) was born in about 1866. Is he the same as Otha Baker? Evidence hints that he applied to wed 21-year-old Mary "Margaret" Hall (1864-1926), daughter of Henry and Mary Hall, on Nov. 17, 1889, but that the union did not take place. She later married his brother Otha. See further on this page for more.
Stepson Otho W. "Otha" Baker (1867- ? ) was born in about 1867. He married a step-cousin, Mary "Margaret" Hall (1864-1926). In September 1891, he bought his father's Hopwood lot. See more on this page for details.
Stepson Andrew "Andy" Baker (1869-1951) was born on March 17, 1869. He was a longtime coal miner, spending 40 years in the employment of H.C. Frick Coke Company. Andrew was married and produced these nine children -- Clarence Baker, Ellsworth Baker, Thomas Baker, Donald Baker, Erma Dawling, Mollie Hall, Lydia McDade, Jessie Schultz and Nora Whoolery. They resided on Buttermilk Lane in Hopwood, Fayette County and were members of the Chalk Hill Evangelical Church. For two decades, Andrew was plagued with bronchial asthma, likely a black lung type of illness. He also contracted hypertensive heart disease and went into acute congestive failure at the age of 82. He died four days later on Oct. 27, 1951. Burial was in Hopwood Cemetery, with Rev. P.J. Null officiating, and an obituary printed in the Uniontown Morning Herald.
Step-daughter Lydia "Liddie" Baker (1872- ? ) was born in about 1872 in Wharton Township. She lived in Hopwood in her late teens. When she was age 18, on Oct. 30, 1890, she was joined in holy wedlock with 19-year-old Edwin L. Wolfe (1871- ? ), a railroad fireman residing in Fayette Springs and the son of Samuel M. and Eliza A. Wolfe of Washington, Washington County, PA. Because the couple was so young, their fathers had to sign their consents. Rev. W.P. Turner officiated at the ceremony held in Uniontown.
Step-daughter Jennie Baker (1875-1953) was born on Aug. 12, 1875 (or 1873). She did not know how to read or write. She did not marry until she was age 39, although she fibbed on her marriage license application and stated that her age was actually 32. On Nov. 18, 1914, she united herself in matrimony with 30-year-old Hugh Robinson (1884- ? ), a coal miner living at the Filbert plant of H.C. Frick Coke Company, and the son of William and Margaret (Hagan) Robinson. Hugh's late father was a native of England, and his mother of Ireland, and she was living in Youngstown, OH at the time of her son's marriage. The marriage ended in divorce, and in 1951, in the obituary of her brother Andrew, she was referred to as "Jennie Baker of Brownfield [PA]." In her final years, Jennie made her home at 256 East Main Street in Uniontown. She died of gall bladder problems at the age of 79 on Jan. 27, 1953. A death notice in the Uniontown Morning Herald named her brother John Baker of Brownfield as her only surviving relative. Burial was in Hopwood Cemetery, with the ceremony officiated by Dr. Herman H. Will.
Stepson John Baker (1885-1962) was born on May 8, 1885 in Chalk Hill, Fayette County. He was but a teenager when Hilah Hall entered his home as a "housekeeper" and remained for years. On June 20, 1908, when he was 23 years of age, he married 18-year-old Ethel Logston ( ? - ? ), daugthter of Hiram and Emma (Mosier) Logston and step-daughter of Hester Ann (Devan) Logston. Foregoing a clergyman, the couple united themselves in wedlock, with G.L. Schmick and Earl Huston witnessing the event. John was a longtime coal miner. The Bakers dwelled in Brownfield, near Uniontown, in the 1950s, and in the early 1960s, their address was House #36 in the coal mining patch town of Leith, near Uniontown. They are thought to have had at least two daughters, (?) Fox and Doris Wilson. As his health declined, due to kidney and heart problems, John was admitted to the Uniontown Nursing and Convalescent Center in Uniontown. There, he died at the age of 77 on Oct. 26, 1962. Mrs. Doris Wilson of Uniontown was the informant for the death certificate. Burial was in Mt. View Memorial Park.
~ Stepson Henry Hall ~
Stepson Henry Hall (1842-1921) was born in about September 1842 or on May 15, 1844 in Stewart Township, Fayette County. (Birthdate records differ, and he once wrote, "I don't have any record of my Birth, either Bible or Church.")
He grew up in Wharton Township but never learned to read or write. As a young man, he stood 5 feet, 10 inches tall, and had a dark complexion, blue eyes and auburn hair.
During the Civil War, he served with the 116th Pennsylvania Infantry, Company K. He joined the Union Army on March 21, 1864 and remained through the duration of the war. Just a month after enlistment, he contracted the measles and rubeola and was treated in an army hospital. He recovered and rejoined the regiment in about September of that year.
Henry received an honorable discharge on July 14, 1865, while in Washington, DC, and returned home.
In 1865, at the age of 23, Henry married 24-year-old Mary Margaret Hull (April 1841-1916), daughter of John Hull. Magistrate Dougherty Elliott officiated at the nuptials ceremony, held in Wharton Township.
Mary's middle name also has been given as "Catherine." She also lacked reading and writing skill.
The couple produce these children -- David X. Hall, Mary "Margaret" Van Sickle, Winfield S. Hall II, John W. Hall, Levi Hall II, Archibald William "Archie" Hall, George Hall, Walter Hall and Washington (or "Washabaugh" or more simply "Wash") Hall.
The Halls made their home on a farm near Chalk Hill, Fayette County. When the federal census was taken in 1870, their home was in Fayette Springs, Fayette County.
On Dec. 16, 1891, Henry was awarded a military pension for his service during the Civil War. [Invalid App. #1077818 - Cert. #881402]. In his application, he claimed that the measles had caused weakness and disease in his lower back and kidneys and that he had "much indigestion" from a "diseased stomach." Brother-in-law Jonathan Baker and family friend George A. Anderson both signed an affidavit saying they had known Henry for many years "to be respectable, a good citizen and a quiet and peaceable man in the community where he has always lived, residing for a long time including as much as quite a number of years in the same neighbourhood and near neighbors...." They also noted that his back problems were not caused by "vicious habits." Friends Alexander Doyle and Wyley McKean testified in writing that Henry had been "very much disabled from the performance of manual labor." When examined circa 1893, an army surgeon wrote of Henry that "He is decidedly sensitive to pressure over the region of the kidneys. Tongue heavily coated and cracked, showing indigestion. There is a slight condition of hemorrhoids. In my opinion all the above may have been caused by exposure while in U.S. service."
Henry and Mary lived in Uniontown in their older years. Sadly, Mary was burdened with heart disease ("myocardial degeneration") and chronic bronchitis and passed away at the age of 71 on Aug. 4, 1916. Interment was in the Christ's Church Lutheran Church Cemetery in Chalk Hill, with son John W. Hall of Uniontown signing the certificate of death.
At the age of 78, for three months, Henry suffered a deadly case of dropsy (congestive heart failure), and on Aug. 7, 1921, Henry died at home from the effects of a mitral heart lesion. Burial was in Chalk Hill Lutheran Church Cemetery. Son Winfield signed the death certificate, but while knowing the name of Henry's father, was unable to provide the maiden name of Henry's mother. In an obituary, the Uniontown Morning Herald reported that he "was well known in the county having spent the greater part of his life here." As well, a one-paragraph obituary was printed in the Connellsville Daily Courier. Several members of his old army company attended the funeral held at the Hall home, and other veterans participated in the burial service, which was officiated by Rev. Jasper Barnthouse.
Son David X. Hall (1862-1936) was born on March 13, 1862 or 1863 or 1864. He lived in Jumonville in the mountains above Uniontown, Fayette County, and earned income as a laborer. On Oct. 4, 1891, when he was 28 years of age, David married 18-year-old Alice Cassidy (1872- ? ), of Wharton Township, daughter of George and Margaret Cassidy. Justice of the peace George W. Hansel officiated. At the time of marriage, David earned a living as a laborer. They produced these known children -- Lucy Hall, John Hall, George Hall, Earl Hall, Winfield Hall III, Mary Miller, Ida Crum, Bertha Lee Hull, Lulu Hall and Dorothy Hawk. The Uniontown Morning Herald once called David "beloved" and also "one of the most highly respected residents of the mountain." Burdened with an ulcer of his foot, and added to heart problems which were common in the family, David began to fail in health from aortic regurgitation and died in Jumonville at age 74 on Oct. 13, 1936. Burial was in the Fulton Cemetery near Jumonville, with Rev. William King of the Percy Methodist Protestant Church officiating. Daughter Mary Miller of Edenborn, PA was the informant for the Pennsylvania certificate of death. An obituary in the Morning Herald noted that his survivors included 19 grandchildren and five brothers.
Daughter Mary "Margaret" Hall (1864-1926) was born on June 8, 1864 or 1866. Evidence suggests that she was twice married. She apparently had an intention of marrying a step-cousin William M. Baker (1866- ? ), son of Jonathan and Cascinda "Catharine" (Ogle) Baker of Wharton Township, with the license issued on Nov. 27, 1889, when he was 23 and she 25. But the wedding seems to have not materialized. Instead, she was joined in wedlock not long afterward with William's brother, Otha H. "Oas" Baker ( ? - ? ), also a son of Jonathan and Cascinda "Catharine" (Ogle) Baker. The couple produced three known children, Bessie Lee Cooley, Earl W. Baker and Chauncey Baker. Later, Margaret married (?) Van Sickle. She lived in Hopwood, Fayette County in 1921. Sadly, at the age of 62, Margaret suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and died on Dec. 15, 1926. Her remains were laid to rest in the Chalk Hill Lutheran Cemetery, with the Edward E. Minerd Funeral Home handling the arrangements. Son Chauncey Baker of Hopwood signed the death certificate. A stone marks the grave today, inscribed "Mother" and "In Loving Memory."
Son Winfield S. Hall II (1867-1952) was born on April 14 or 17, 1867 or 1868. He married a cousin, Hilda "Hallie" Hull (1896-1971), who was 29 years younger, and daughter of John Henry and Melverta "Melverdie" (Rishel) Hull. They produced two known children, Ray Hall and Hazel Hall. Winfield earned a living as a laborer, dwelling in Chalk Hill, Fayette County. In the 1920s, afflicted with stomach and kidney problems, Winfield tried Konjola, a medicine said to cure a variety of ailments and which was available at Central Drug Store in Uniontown. Pleased with the results, he consented to allow his photograph and words to be published in a Konjola testimonial in the Jan. 5, 1929 edition of the Uniontown Morning Herald. "Hapy beyond expression of the wonders Konjola wrought for him," the testimonial continued:
I shall never stop rejoicing that I decided, after weeks of hesitation, to give Konjola a chance to relieve me of rheumatism and stomach trouble. For two years or more I was a fictim of a complication of diseases that caused all kinds of misery. I developed rheumatism in my lower limbs shortly after my stomach and kidneys became disordered. Every time I put my weight on my feet, sharp, shooting pains shot through my limbs. I was unable to sleep at night, work efficiently during the day. Loss of appetite resulted in a weak and rundown condition of my system. Glas bloating followed every meal. At night I had to rise several times because of my kidneys, and every morning found me weak and tired. I had heard Konjola recommended for such troubles as mine and many friends sincerely indorsed it. So I decided to see what it would do for me. What a surprise and pleasure was in store for me. I have taken but a brief treatment, and yet the results obtained were almost beyond imagination. I can eat any kind of food and in any quantity without trouble with my stomach. I am stronger in every way and have begun to pick up in weight. My kidneys no longer bother me and I enjoy sound, refreshing sleep at night. The rheumatism has been so relieved that I can get around and do my work without suffering and only a dim memory remains to tell me of the many years of suffering I formerly endured.
(An interesting twist is that one of Winfield's neighbors and distant step-cousins, Bartholomew "Beth" Minerd, also of Chalk Hill, also used the Konjola and also was profiled in a Morning Herald testimonial around that time.) In July 1935, Winfield and a number of local men assisted in cleaning and weeding historic sites including Jumonville's Grave and Washington's Rocks. The team included John K. Hall, Joe Fitzsimmons, Dan Varndell, Daniel Varndell, Ludwig Wedel, John Varndell, Wesley Johnson, Russell Varndell, David Hall and Earl Hall. Under the supervision of road construction foreman John Bradley, the men tore out undergrowth allowing the sites to be "more attractive and easier to locate," reported the Morning Herald. "For the past year nothing has been done at either site and weeds and underbrush had taken firm root to grow up over tablets and other markers, making them difficult to find.... Refreshments were furnished gratis throughout the day by Harry Whyel, proprietor of Jumonville Inn. The workers visited the spots again yesterday for a last minute's survey befor letting the general public in on the back-breaking labor contribution which has resulted in two of the county's historic spots again becoming places that apparently have been given special care to perpetuate Fayette's historic sites and make them drawing cards for the large number of tourists who frequent this section and Fort Necessity." Circa 1940, census records show the Halls living in Wharton Township, with son Ray earning income as a construction laborer. At the age of 84, suffering from hardening of the arteries, hypertension and cardiovascular disease, Winfield died on Leap Day 1952. Interment was in the Chalk Hill Lutheran Cemetery. Later, Hilda wedded Orville Van Sickle ( ? - ? ). They lived along Wharton Furnace Road. The couple grieved at the untimely death of daughter Hazel in 1958. At the age of 74, Hallie died at home on Sept. 22, 1971. Her funeral service was held at the Chalk Hill Lutheran Church, with Dr. Earl P. Confer officiating, and followed by interment in the church cemetery. The Uniontown Morning Herald printed an obituary.
Son John W. Hall (1870-1944) was born on Jan. 29, 1870 or 1871 in Wharton Township. At the age of 21, on Nov. 26, 1891, John was united in wedlock with 21-year-old Alice Klink (July 4, 1870-1938), daughter of William and Hannah Klink of Wharton Township. Justice of the peace George W. Hansel led the nuptials. The Halls and Klinks were close, and John's brother Levi married Alice's sister Emma. John and Alice resided in Jumonville, Fayette County. The couple had these offspring -- William H. Hall, John W. Hall Jr., Clyde Hall, Bessie Craig, Viola Shipley, Nina Greenwalt, Lida Basinger and Delphia Hall. At the age of 67, having endured a lingering illness of rheumatic endocarditis, Alice succumbed at the age of 67 on April 1, 1938 in their home. The Uniontown Morning Herald published an obituary. Her remains were lowered into the earth for eternal rest in Chalk Hill Lutheran Church Cemetery. John lived for another six years as a widower, and made his home with his daughter Bessie at 58 West Winona Street in Uniontown. He contracted stomach cancer and could not keep food down, with his weight plummeting. The malnutrition and malignancy led to his death at the age of 74 on June 1, 1944. Viola Hall served as the official informant for the Pennsylvania certificate of death. An obituary in the Morning Herald said he was survived by 16 grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren. Dr. Levi Stoner of Connellsville presided over the funeral and burial.
Son Levi Hall II (1873-1939) was born on Sept. 11, 1872 or 1873 or 1874. He married Emma Klink (May 27, 1879-1939), daughter of William and Hannah Klink. The Halls and Klinks were close, and Levi's brother John married Emma's sister Alice. The Halls produced two children, David Hall and Blanche Hall. They kept their residence in the coal mining patch town of York Run, Fayette County, where Levi labored for the H.C. Frick Coke Company, and eventually retired and obtained a pension. Their address was House 162 York Run. Levi stopped working in 1927 and apparently never held steady work for the remaining dozen years of his life. He suffered gangrene of a foot and combined with diabetes, the illness was deadly. He succumbed at the age of 65 on Jan. 25, 1939. Son David Hall of Chalk Hill signed the death certificate. His remains were lowered into eternal rest in Chalk Hill Lutheran Cemetery. An obituary was published in the Uniontown Morning Herald. Emma only survived her husband by a little more than five months and lived with her son David at House 121 York Run. "Suffering from a sudden illness of heart disease," reported the Morning Herald, she died at age 60 on July 5, 1939. She "was a highly respected resident of Georges township." The funeral and interment were held at the Chalk Hill Lutheran Church. She was survived by five grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.
Son Archibald William "Archie" Hall (1879-1952) was born on Oct. 3, 1876 or Oct. 5, 1979 in Wharton Township, Fayette County. He was wedded to (?). They dwelled for many years in Washington, Washington County, PA, where he was a farm laborer on the McClane farm. Stricken with heart failure, an acidosis coma and diabetes, Archie died four days after Christmas 1952 as a patient in Washington Hospital. Gilbert Hall, of Elm Street Extension in Canonsburg, was the death certificate informant. Interment was in Oak Spring Cemetery in Canonsburg.
Son George Hall (1880-1959) was born on June 17, 1878 or 1880 in Wharton Township, Fayette County. He grew up as a farm laborer. As an adult, he never married and made his home in Chalk Hill, Fayette County. George supported himself by working as a laborer. Circa 1944, his home was in Wharton Furnace. Later in life, he relocated into the city of Uniontown. As his health declined, due to chronic rheumatoid heart valve disease, he was admitted to the Fayette County Home, where he spent the remaining 13½ months of his life. George entered eternity at the age of 76 on April 2, 1959. He joined his parents and siblings in repose at the Chalk Hill Lutheran Church Cemetery. Uniontown's Easl Savage gave details for the Pennsylvania death certificate.
Son Walter Hall (1883-1918) was born on May 3, 1883 in Wharton Township, Fayette County. He grew up as a farm laborer. He married Mary Jane (?) (1888- ? ). The couple lived near Uniontown. Tragedy befell Walter in the week leading up to Christmas 1918. He contracted a deadly case of bronchial pneumonia and influenza, and he could not overcome their effects. Just three days after Christmas in 1918, at the age of 35, Walter passed away. Burial was in Chalk Hill Lutheran Church Cemetery. His younger brother Washington signed the death certificate.
Son Washington "Wash" Hall (1884- ? ) -- who also has been known as "Washabaugh" -- was born on Feb. 23, 1884 or 1885 or 1888 in Wharton Township, Fayette County. He resided in Uniontown in 1918 and later moved to Lemont Furnace, Fayette County. He enjoyed hunting near Lemont and in 1920 placed an ad in the Uniontown Morning Herald, stating he had lost a black and tan coon hound while on an outing in the mountains. His home in 1944 was in Cokeburg, PA.
~ Stepson William Hall ~
Stepson William Hall (1847- ? ) was born in about 1847. When he was age 13, in 1850, census records show him dwelling with his parents in Wharton Township.
~ Step-daughter Mary Hall I ~
Step-daughter Mary Hall I (1850- ? ) was born in about 1850 and grew up in Maple Summit.
~ Step-daughter Susanna Hall ~
Step-daughter Susanna Hall (1853- ? ) was born in about 1853 and grew up in Maple Summit.
~ Stepson Mark Hall ~
Stepson Mark Hall (1855-1927) was born in 1855 and grew up in Maple Summit.
At about age 24, in 1880, he resided by himself next door to his parents' home in Maple Summit and made a living as a laborer.
Mark married Eleanor Hall (1860-1943), born on Leap Day 1860, the daughter of Samuel and Mary (Linderman) Hall. They had these known children -- James A. "Garfield" Hall, William J. Hall, Myrtle Larue and Harrison Hall.
When the federal census was taken in 1900, the Halls dwelled in Stewart Township, where Mark was a farm laborer. Later, he obtained employment as a streetcar repairman, and the family moved to South Connellsville, where they resided circa 1908. He retired in about 1926, and continued to make their home on East Gibson Avenue.
Burdened with lobar pneumonia, added to cancer at the head of the femur, he died on Feb. 27, 1927. Burial was in Hill Grove Cemetery, and son William Hall of Connellsville was the informant for the official Pennsylvania certificate of death.
Eleanor survived her husband by 16 years and made her home at 406 Highland Avenue in Connellsville. Sadly, stricken with bladder cander, she died just three days before Christmas 1943. She joined her husband in eternal repose in Hill Grove Cemetery.
Son James A. "Garfield" Hall (1881-1908) was born on May 15, 1881 in Springfield Township, Fayette County. He was named for the recently slain president of the United States, James A. Garfield. At the age of 22, living in Ohiopyle, Garfield married 18-year-old Bertha J. Taylor (1886- ? ), daughter of Jacob and Elizabeth Taylor of Dunbar Township. Justice of the peace I.F. Woodmancy officiated at the wedding, which was held on July 3, 1904. The couple produced two children. They made their home in Ohio Pyle, where Garfield earned a living as a laborer. He was a member of the Odd Fellows lodge and joined the newly created Junior Order of American Mechanics. Sadly, his life was not destined to be long. In November 1908, at the age of 27, he contracted typhoid fever. Reported the Connellsville Weekly Courier, "It was thought for a time that he would stand chances of recovery but the Grim Reaper called him.... He was between 25 and 30 years of age." Garfield succumbed on Sept. 15, 1908. Burial was in Whig Corner, following funeral services held at the Baptist church in Ohio Pyle. His obituary in the Weekly Courier ended by saying "Mr. Hall leaves a host of relatives and friends who will regret his loss."
Son William J. Hall (1884- ? ) was born in October 1884 in Springfield Township. As a young man, he relocated to South Connellsville, where he eagned wages as a laborer. When he was 28 years of age, on May 18, 1912, he was wedded to 21-year-old Ora Richey (1891- ? ), daughter of James and Mary Richey, with the couple uniting themselves in marriage.
Daughter Myrtle Hall (1888- ? ) was born in January 1888. She may have been wedded twice. Her first husband is thought to have been (?) Kailing. The couple produced two children, James W. Kailing and Lucy Marietta. Her second spouse was George B. Larue (Oct. 12, 1885-1946), the son of George and Susan (Tressler) Larue of Somerset County. During World War I, George served in the U.S. Armed Expeditionary Force (AEF) and received a lung injury which plagued him for the remainder of his life. In the mid-1920s, their home was in South Connellsville, where George was employed for 27 years as a conductor with the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and a member of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen. Myrtle was very active in the community, and her name appeared scores of times in the Connellsville Daily Courier for her volunteer work. One of her groups was the Daughters of America, Magic Sister Council, where in 1935 she was on the Orphans Committee and in 1938 served as associate councilor. Another was the Lee Etta Lodge, No. 515 of the Ladies Auxiliary to the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, which she joined in 1925 and where she achieved perfect attendance for more than a quarter of a century starting in 1932. In January 1946, she was admitted into membership of the R.W.B. Club of the Daughters of America, and circa 1951 she was active with the Salvation Army Ladies Home League. With the ability to easily travel via rail, in September 1934, she and Mrs. R.C. Smith of Connellsville traveled to Chicago to attend the popular Century of Progress Exposition. Then in 1954, she and friends Della Barkley, Lena Barkley, Lilly Fullem and Magdaline Morrison traveled to Chicago for a week of vacation, with stops in Lima and Athens, OH. George was a member of the local Elks, Eagles and American Legion posts and was actively involved in sporting affairs and in 1932 managed the N.W.A.C. team in a local mushball league. He also was named in news stories for his hunting and fishing. Circa 1933, their address was 215 Ogden Street and in 1946 was 615 West Crawford Avenue in Connellsville. Sadly, after what the Courier called "a lengthy illness," George died at home at the age of 61 the day after Christmas 1946. Rev. Meade M. Snyder, of the Evangelical United Brethren Church, officiated at the funeral and burial in Sylvan Heights Cemetery. The cause of death was hemorrhaging caused by pulmonary tuberculosis which in turn, wrote a physician, had been "activated + exaggerated by injury of World War I." Myrtle outlived her husband by many years and made her residence at 514 East Crawford Avenue.
Son Harrison Hall (1891-1926) was born on Oct. 19, 1891 (or Nov. 1890) in South Connellsville. He was married. Circa 1926, at the age of 35, Harrison was employed at the Connellsville Blue Stone Quarry at Connellsville, near Casparis, reporting to Fred Opperman. On the fateful day of April 19, 1926, while at work in the quarry, Harrison fell, fracturing his skull and neck, dying instantly. Funeral services were held in the home of his parents, led by Rev. J.A. Bulfenmyer of the Church of the Brethren. His broken remains were placed into rest in Hill Grove Cemetery, in a plot where his parents would someday join him in eternal sleep.
~ Stepson James R. Hall ~
Stepson James R. Hall (1862-1933) was born on Dec. 12, 1862 in Maple Summit. He was but a young boy when his mother apparently died, and he considered his stepmother Elizabeth (Rowan) Hall as his mother.
He married a step-cousin, Mary Eliza Harbaugh (1864-1939). Their three daughters were Grace Ohler, Anna Friend and Mabel Harbaugh Burkholder. View their biography for more.
~ Son Levi Hall ~
Son Levi Hall (1866-1955) was born on Oct. 5, 1866 in or near Ohio Pyle, Fayette County. He learned the carpentry trade and spent a long career in that occupation.
On June 18, 1889, when he was 22 years of age, Levi married 16-year-old Elizabeth Daniels (1873-1962), of unknown parents. The ceremony took place in Ohiopyle.
Their nine children were Raleigh Emerson Hall, Daisy "Mae" Hall, Etta Hepler, Charlotte Hoose (sometimes misspelled "Hose"), Elizabeth Long, Idella Meyers Pritchard, Winona Bowers and a son and daughter who both died in infancy.
The family relocated to South Connellsville, Fayette County in 1909. Near tragedy befell Levi in June 1915 when, while working on repairs to his roof, he was overcome by illness and fainted. Local Boy Scouts in South Connellsville, led by Dr. P.G. Dick, came to the rescue and likely saved Levi's life.
They lived on Atlas Avenue in Connellsville in 1936. The following year, in November 1937, the 71-year-old Levi was injured in an automobile accident on the Connellsville-Uniontown Road, while a passenger in the vehicle of Edward Grimm. Said the Connellsville Daily Courier: "He received two deep lacerations above the left eye, a chest and possible internal injuries. X-ray pictures were taken this morning.... While returning from Dunbar the machine skidded on the slippery highway during the snowstorm, Grimm said. After skidding the machine upset and rolled over onto its top, then overturned again and crashed against the bank, 90 feet from the roadway."
The couple celebrated their golden wedding anniversary in 1939, although with Elizabeth in poor health, only 17 immediate family members attended the celebration. "The menu consisted of the many good things accompanying a real chicken repast," reported the Daily Courier. "The honored couple and their children were placed at one large table, which was centered with a large three-tier cake, baked by Miss Winona Hall and decorated with fifty pink candles... After the dinner, enertainment was enjoyed. A short program of favorite selections of Mr. Hall and his bride of fity years ago was presented. It was: Piano solo, 'Blue Danube,' Miss Elaine Hepler, granddaughter of the honored guests; reading, 'Grandparents,' Miss Delores Long, another granddaughter; vocal duet, 'The Old Rugged Cross,' Mrs. Meyers and Miss Winona Hall, with Miss Hepler playing the accompaniment." In 1949, on their 60th anniversary, Levi and Elizabeth were pictured in the Daily Courier. Again in 1954, when they reached their 65th anniversary, the Daily Courier published a photo.
Toward the end of his life, he resided with his married daughter Winona Bowers at 111 Atlas Avenue in South Connellsville. Burdened with senile dementia, hypertension and hardening of the arteries, he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and died at the age of 89 just two days after Christmas 1955. His remains were brought up to the mountains for interment in Maple Summit Cemetery in a funeral ceremony led by Rev. R.A. Nelson of the Albright Evangelical United Brethren Church. An obituary in the Daily Courier noted that Levi's survivors included five grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren.
Elizabeth survived her husband and remained in their daughter's home in South Connellsville. Suffering from an infection of hepatitis, she was admitted to Connellsville State Hospital, where she succumbed at the age of 88 on Jan. 30, 1962. She rests in the Hall family plot of graves in Maple Summit.
Daughter Daisy "Mae" Hall (1890-1947) was born on May 1, 1890 at Ohiopyle, Fayette County. She never married but lived as an adult with her parents and married sister Winona Bowers at 111 Atlas Avenue in South Connellsville. Mae began to be burdened with heart and kidney failure in her late 50s. Unable to regain her health, she died at the age of 57 on July 27, 1947. Burial was in the Maple Summit Cemetery following a funeral service at the Hall home, led by Rev. K.M. Bishop of the Albright Evangelical United Brethren Church. An obituary was printed in the Connellsville Daily Courier.
Son Raleigh Emerson "Rolla" Hall (1894-1918) was born on Nov. 14, 1894 at Ohiopyle, Fayette County. He lived in Indian Creek, Fayette County as a young man and then obtained work as a brakeman for the Pennsylvania Railroad. He relocated to Pittsburgh, where he lived at 2111 Sidney Street and reported to work at 30th Street on Pittsburgh's South Side. He was of medium height and build, with blue eyes and dark brown hair. He was married, but his wife's name is not yet known. He served in the U.S. Arny Expeditionary Force during World War I as a member of the 320th Infantry, Company M. Tragically, during the bloody extended battle of the Meuse-Argonne offensive in 1918, Raleigh was killed in action. The details are not yet known. His name was printed in a list of wartime casualties in the Nov. 25, 1918 edition of his hometown newspaper, the Connellsville Daily Courier, and in other newspapers in Pennsylvania such as the Harrisburg Telegraph, Allentown Morning Call and Altoona Tribune. In 1919, workmen erected a memorial tablet naming Raleigh and other local service casualties on the grounds of Connellsville High School in the south section of the city. Raleigh's remains were not returned to the United States for three years, until September 1921, at which time a funeral service was held in his parents' home, followed by interment in Hill Grove Cemetery in Connellsville. Co-officiating at the service were Rev. J.O. Bishop, formerly of the Evangelical Church at South Connellsville, and Rev. J.S. Showers of the United Brethren Church. Reported the Daily Courier, "Members of the American Legion and the Veterans of Foreign Wars attended the services and furnished a firing squad at the grave in Hill Grove cemetery." The fate of his wife will be added to this biography once discovered.
Daughter Etta Lorena Hall (1900-1972) was born in (?). She married Dale Hepler ( ? -1967). They produced one daughter, Elaine Schenck. They dwelled for decades in South Bend, IN. Later, she moved to Syracuse, IN. Dale passed away on Aug. 12, 1967. Sadly while visiting her daughter Elaine in South Bend in 1972, she suffered a stroke and was admitted to Memorial Hospital. She died there on Dec. 18, 1972, with an obituary appearing in her old hometown newspaper, the Connellsville Daily Courier. The funeral and burial were held in South Bend. Their daughter Elaine was wedded to Arthur Schenck of South Bend.
Daughter Charlotte K. Hall (1903- ? ) was born in (?). She was wedded to Francis Hoose ( ? - ? ). They had one known son, James Hoose. Circa 1920, Charlotte was a charter member of the Ever Faithful Sunday School Class of the Albright United Methodist Church. For years, they lived in South Bend, IN. Frances and son James spent a 10-day vacation with her parents in South Connellsville in July 1936. In October 1970, Charlotte returned to Connellsville for the 50th anniversary of her Sunday School class and received a corsage at a turkey banquet and program held at Otterbein United Methodist Church. Then again in 1975, at the class's 55th anniversary, Charlotte and Francis received an honor for traveling the furthest to attend the banquet held at the Wesley United Methodist Church
Daughter Winona E. Hall (1906- ? ) was born in abouit 1906. She married Rexford "Rex" Bowers ( ? - ? ) of Mill Run, Fayette County. While not yet married in May 1937, they motored to South Bend with Winona's mother and niece to visit with Winona's sisters. Their address in the 1950s and 1960s was 111 Atlas Avenue in South Connellsville. Circa October 1970, Winona served as treasurer of the Ever Faithful Sunday School class of Albright United Methodist Church and was pictured in the Connellsville Daily Courier as part of the class's 50th anniversary celebration and turkey banquet. Than again in 1975, when the class celebrated its 55th anniversary with a banquet at Wesley United Methodist Church, Winona presented a memoriam for the 26 deceased members.
Daughter Elizabeth Hall (1909- ? ) was born in about 1909. In 1927, while in South Bend, IN, the vehicle in which she was riding was involved in an accident, and her body was catapulted forward, with her head smashing through the windshield. She was rushed to the hospital where her facial wounds were repaired with 50 stitches. Elizabeth joined in matrimony to (?) Long. Their only known daughter was Dolores Long. The marriage ended by 1949, with Elizabeth residing that year in Mishawaka, IN. She made her home in 1955 in South Bend.
Daughter Idella "Della" Hall (1911-1984) was united in wedlock twice. Her first husband was Kenneth Meyers (July 10, 1907-1946), son of Charles and Susan (Bittner) Meyers of Rockwood, Somerset County, PA. The couple produced two known daughters, Juanita Meyers and Bonnie Louise Meyers. Kenneth was a longtime fireman, employed by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Circa 1936, they lived at 112 Atlas Avenue in South Connellsville, and spent Christmas with her sisters in South Bend, IN. Sadness enveloped the family when the 39-year-old Kenneth suffered a heart attack at work and was rushed to Hazel McGilvery Hospital in Meyersdale, Somerset County, where he expired seven hours later, on Oct. 5, 1946. Interment was in Hill Grove Cemetery in Connellsville. The death left Idella a widow at the age of 35. The following year, in 1947, Idella and Mrs. K.M. Bishop and Mrs. Raymond Johnson presented a play, For Such a Day as This, at the fall institute of the Greensburg District of the Women's Society of World Service, held at the Fourth Street Evangelical United Brethren Church in Greensburg. On the fourth anniversary of Kenneth's death, in 1950, Idella published an "In Memoriam" poem in the Connellsville Daily Courier: "Gone from this earth, But from our hearts -- no never! Love and remembrance -- even death, cannot sever."
Then, on Jan. 31, 1954, she married her second spouse, Clifford Pritchard ( ? - ? ), son of Mrs. Jessie M. Pritchard of South Connellsville. The Pritchards' wedding was held in the parsonage of the Albright Evangelical United Brethren Church, officiated by Rev. R.A. Nelson. At the time, Clifford was employed by the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. They resided on Hyndman Street in South Connellsville. The marriage lasted for 15 years, but the couple divorced in January 1969 with "indignities" as the cause. By 1970, Idella had relocated to Mishawaka, IN where her sister Elizabeth Long made her home. In October 1970, Idella sent a message to members of her old Ever Faithful Sunday School class of Albright United Methodist Church to help them mark their 50th anniversary. Their daughter Bonnie Louise Meyers graduated from the Naison-Frederic School of Beauty Culture in Uniontown in 1963 and obtained work with Michaline's Beauty Salon in Connellsville. In 1964, she became an Eastern Airlines stewardess and was assigned to New York City. Idella and Bonnie Louise flew to Hawaii for a Waikiki vacation in August 1965. Della passed away at the age of about 74 in 1984. Her remains were lowered into eternal repose beside her first husband in the Hall plot in Hill Grove Cemetery. Today a small metallic plaque marks her final resting place, next to Kenneth Meyers' stone.
~ Daughter Sabina Catherine (Hall) Knopsnyder ~
Daughter Sabina Catherine Hall (1867-1921) was born on May 4, 1867 (or 1866).
Unmarried at about age 25, in about 1892, she gave birth to a daughter, whom she named Reba E. Hall.
Sabina was married at least twice. Her first husband, name unknown, died in about 1900. She remained a widow for about five years.
Then at the age of 38, on Feb. 28, 1905, she married 33-year-old farmer Jacob "Wilson" Knopsnyder (April 2, 1872-1925). He was the son of Cyrus and Phoebe (Phillippi) Knopsnyder of Black Township. Their nuptials were held at Rockwood and were performed by Rev. W.H. Blackburn. At the time of their marriage, he earned a living as a log maker. The couple's marriage is recorded in Harvey Hostetler's book, Descendants of Jacob Hochstetler, the Immigrant of 1736.
The couple resided for many years on a farm near Markleton in Black Township, and Sabina's mother died under their roof in March 1907.
During the early part of the decade of the 1910s, the Knopsnyders made a major move away from southwestern Pennsylvania. Circa 1912, when the Jacob Hochstetler book was published, the Knopsnyders were residing in Ponoka, Alberta, Canada. Later they moved to Washington State, settling on a farm at Blue Slide Precinct in Pend Oreille County. In November 1912, the county commissioners of Pend Oreille County approved a payment to him for road work in the amount of $31.25, with his name published on a list in the Newport (WA) Miner. They and 28-year-old daughter Reba are shown in Pend Oreille on the 1920 federal census.
At some point Sabina suffered a stroke but she survived, and this may have prompted a return to Somerset County.
On Dec. 5, 1921, while in Black Township, she suffered another stroke overnight and succumbed at the age of 55. Burial was at Mt. Zion Cemetery. On the death certificate, which Wilson signed, he spelled the maiden name of Sabina's mother as "Round."
Wilson only lived for another three-plus years. He worked during that time as a laborer for Owen Klink. At age 52, he suffered from gangrene of his left foot. Then, on Feb. 2, 1925, he was stricken with paralysis ("hemiplegia") and, after lingering for a month and 21 days, died on March 23, 1925, just 10 days shy of his 53rd birthday. His remains were placed into repose at Mt. Zion Cemetery. James B. Knopsnyder signed the certificate of death.
Daughter Reba E. Hall (1892- ? ) was born in about 1892 in Somerset County. The identity of her father is not yet known, and she was given her mother's maiden name. At the age of 28, she lived with her mother and step-father in Blue Slide Precinct, Pend Oreille County, WA. Whether or not she returned to Pennsylvania with her parents in the early 1920s is not yet known. More will be added here when learned
~ Son Josiah H. Hall ~
Son Josiah H. Hall (1873-1958) was born on May 3, 1873 in Maple Summit, Fayette County, PA.
In September 1894, when he was 21 years of age, Josiah was united in wedlock with 21-year-old Eleanor Lytle (Sept. 3, 1873-1942), daughter of Levi and Sophia (Augustine) Lytle of Somerset County, PA. At the time of marriage, Josiah earned a living as a laborer.
Their dozen children were Lloyd Jackson Hall Sr., Lena Nicholson, Wesley Hall, Howard L. Hall, Charles E. Hall, Ruth Liston, Cecelia Alexander, Sadie Kimmel, Lewis "Raymond" Hall, Emma P. Hall, Bruce A. Hall and Charlotte E. Hall. Sadly, three of the children died before their parents -- Emma, Bruce and Charlotte.
Josiah was a longtime farmer in Maple Summit. They were members of the Maple Summit Church of God and retired in about 1938, moving to a new ome on First Street in South Connellsville.
Sadly, Eleanor was burdened with fluid buildup in the lungs ("edema") and hardening of the arteries. She succumbed at the age of 68 on Jan. 13, 1942. Following funeral services in the Maple Summit Church, led by Rev. Bert Breakiron, burial was in Linderman Cemetery. An obituary in the Connellsville Daily Courier reported that she was survived by 21 grandchildren in addition to her siblings Edward Lytle of Confluence, PA, Walter Lytle of Fort Hill, PA, Daniel Lytle of Little Summit, PA, Mrs. George W. Miller of Morgantown, WV, Grant Pyle of Confluence and Roy Lytle of South Connellsville.
Josiah in 1951 came to live in Vanderbilt, Dunbar Township, Fayette County, likely in his daughter's home.
At the age of 85, Josiah was felled by a cerebral hemorrhage and died suddenly on May 23, 1958 at home in Vanderbilt. Charles Hall of South Connellsville signed the death certificate. Burial was in Linderman Cemetery in Stewart Township, Fayette County, officiated by Rev. R.A. Nelson, following services at the Maple Summit Church. An obituary in the Connellsville Daily Courier noted that "He was the last member of a family of 16."
Son Lloyd Jackson Hall Sr. (1896-1982) was born in 1896. He married a cousin, Ollie Harbaugh (1900-1995), daughter of Robert Bacom and Elizabeth (Long) Harbaugh Sr. See their biographies for more detail.
Daughter Lena Hall married Frank Nicholson and lived in 1942 in Maple Summit and in 1958 in Mill Run.
Son Wesley Hall dwelled in Mill Run in 1942.
Son Howard L. Hall resided in Doylestown, PA in 1942.
Son Charles E. Hall made his home in 1942 in South Connellsville.
Daughter Ruth Hall married Edward Liston. In 1942, their home was in Newtown Square, PA but by 1958 they were in Mill Run.
Daughter Cecelia Hall married Roy Alexander. They dwelled in Fayetteville, PA in 1942 and in Shippensburg, PA in the late 1950s.
Daughter Sadie Hall married Edward Kimmel. Their residence in 1942-1958 was in Vanderbilt.
Son Lewis "Raymond" Hall lived in South Connellsville in 1942.
~ Daughter Mary Hall II ~
Daughter Mary Hall II (1879- ? ) was born in about 1879 in Maple Summit, Fayette County, PA. She was 29 years younger than an older sister also named "Mary Hall." This needs to be sorted out with precision.
Copyright © 2000, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2014, 2017 Mark A. Miner