William Henry Miner was born on March 30, 1837 in Mauch Chunk, Carbon County, PA, the son of Elias and Mary (Cook) Miner. Apparently named for War of 1812 hero, congressman and future United States President William Henry Harrison, he was a veteran of the Civil War, and was twice married.
After attending public schools at Mauch Chunk, said the Carbon Advocate, he joined his father's iron moulding business and worked there until the outbreak of the Civil War. As an adult, he stood five feet, four inches in height, and weighed 120 lbs. He had a light complexion, with blue eyes and light hair.
William married his first wife Mary Jane Leidy (1838-1862). They resided at Maria Furnace in Mauch Chunk, but it's not known whether they children. The couple was not wedded for long before war and tragedy intervened.
When the Civil War erupted, William served as a corporal for nine months in the U.S. Army with the 132nd Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry, Company F. He joined the regiment on Aug. 9, 1862, leaving behind his wife at home. During his time in the army, he suffered from a hernia and was recorded as having "intervals of insanity," quite likely having learned that his wife's life was in danger. Regimental surgeons gave his illness a name -- "monomania" -- which in layman's terms meant "a single pathological obsession" -- again most likely worries about his dying bride.
He was furloughed from Oct. 4, 1862 and came home to see Mary Jane. In what must have been wretched agony, after a stay of a month, he had to go back to the army on Nov. 3, 1862, with his wife lingering at death's door. Sadly, she died one day later, on Nov. 4, 1862. She was laid to rest in the Mauch Chunk Cemetery, in William's absence. His sister Kate Wintermute is known to have attended the funeral. A brief obituary in the Mauch Chunk Gazette (Nov. 6, 1862) noted that her age was 24 years, three months and seven days.
William's grief must have been un-imaginable.
During the remainder of his time in the army, William is not known to have seen action. He was discharged at Harrisburg on May 24, 1863 and returned home to Mauch Chunk.
William remained a widower for about a year and a half. His second wife was Philadelphia native Mary "Ellen" Derbyshire (1845-1918), daughter of English immigrant George Derbyshire. They were married in Philadelphia on March 16, 1864, by Rev. William Cathcart of the Baptist church. William was age 25 at the time, and Mary 18.
They had at least two sons, George Douglas Miner and Asa C. Miner.
Baby son George was born a year after the marriage, and was baptized on June 7, 1865, at the St. Paul's Methodist Church of Mauch Chunk. Among the witnesses was William's father Elias Miner as well as other family.
After the war, William and his brother Charles Douglas "C.D." Miner pooled their savings and, with their father as superintendent "erected the Fort Allen foundry, which they have been running ever since," said the Carbon Advocate in August 1886. "This enterprise has grown rapidly during the past few years and is now recognized as the leading feature of our town -- giving employment to about thirty-five men who are kept busy all the year round."
A lengthy February 1879 profile of the foundry, in the Advocate, said that William and his brother Douglas were "two enterprising young men ... both practical moulders and skilled in the various details of the making of castings."
They took a risk in their investment, "with a capital so small that men with less courage would have shrunk from the undertaking even in promising times," said the Advocate. "William, the elder brother, lays aside for the nounce his foundry uniform, dons his 'Sunday-go-to-meetings,' patronizes the village barber who twirls the ends of his moustache, and hies away to the marts of trade; and he seldom, if ever, returns without a fresh supply of orders. As a consequence, during the recent panic, when hundreds of foundries run by corporations and stock companies, all over the country, have closed their doors for lack of remunerative orders, the Fort Allen Foundry has been kept steadily going, and at present writing is turning out plumbers' castings, pumps and fancy fountains, the castings for a half dozen different sewing and knitting machine companies, while from one to three men are kept constantly employed on miscellaneous home orders or job work. No piece of works leaves the foundry until it has been thoroughly inspected by one of the proprietors and found perfect."
William was the bookkeeper of the foundry business. His business trips included visits to New York City to develop relationships with potential customers and suppliers. When work was booming, he had to aggressively find and hire talented moulders with experience in fine iron castings. When a key engine he had ordered broke while being built, he hurried to New York to examine the damage. At other times, when their patterns wore out, the company was forced to temporarily lay off workers until new patterns could be fashioned.
The company found itself embroiled in a local political controversy in the spring of 1881. When a key piece of mail containing a check did not arrive, and knowing that a Democrat recently had been appointed postmaster of Weissport, the Miner brothers instructed their correspondents to send mail instead to nearby Lehighton. The company even employed a mail messenger to personally pick up the mail to assure proper arrival. Postmaster William H. Knecht responded that the letter in question had a key misspelling on the envelope and thus he returned it to the sender, rather than making sure it got into the right hands anyway.
The census of 1880 shows the Miners living in Weissport, Carbon County, where William was very active in the community. He was a member of the Knights of Honor and of the Bertolette Post of the Grand Army of the Republic of Lehighton. He also was engaged with civic matters involving the Borough of Weissport. In August 1879, as a member of the school board, he appointed a committee "to inspect the facilities for heating the school building, with discretionary powers to have the present apparatus repaired, or to purchase new ones, as he thinks best," said the Carbon Advocate. "Some necessary work needed to be done on the school grounds was also ordered." In June 1881, he was elected president of the school board, with Reuben Musselman as treasurer and D.B. Albright as secretary.
William ran for assessor of the borough in February 1880, but, "strange to say, met with crushing defeat," reported the Carbon Advocate. In the 1880s, he was a member of the iron moulders union in Lehighton (member no. 86812), with his name appearing in the Iron Moulders Journal.
In June 1882, as a high profile advertisement of the foundry's capabilities locally, possibly to enhance their volume of job work, William and his brother authorized an iron walkway to be installed along the front of their building, made in the plant. Business slowed the following year, with the Miner Bros. "working only two-thirds of the time," said the Advocate. "The foundry work is just as slow and stagnant as most all industrial works. The cause assigned is an over-production of commodities, and not Carlisle's election. How easily follow and ignorance subscribe such a condition of affairs to the latter."
When Mary Ellen's mother died in 1885, at the Miner home in Weissport, her remains were taken to Philadelphia for burial.
Personnel troubles at the foundry arose in the winter of 1886-1887, when the company rejected a lowball contract with W.S. Carr of New York City, for making steam valves, and had to lay off 25 employees as a result. At around that same time, the brothers placed a legal advertisement in the Advocate, stating they would not pay any debts agreed to by anyone else, and "not to trust any one on our account."
Unfortunately, the firm dissolved in March 1887. The Carbon Advocate reported that brother D.C. would take over the foundry work, saying "It is expected that the full force of workmen will be put on at an early day." William and family then moved to Lower Slatington, Lehigh County, where he endeavored to erect a new foundry and machine shop on Centre Street south of Chestnut.
By 1889, their prospects for a new foundry apparently not having materialized, the Miners relocated to Philadelphia. The Slatington News said in a June 1889 story that Mary Ellen "was visiting friends at Weissport for the last few weeks. She returned here on Wednesday and took final leave on Saturday for Philadelphia where she will join her husband and son and make her future home." Their address in 1896 was 2664 Howard Street.
William suffered physical ailments as he aged, and applied for an "invalid pension" given his status as a military veteran. He claimed he was "totally unable to earn a support by manual labor" due to swelling of his testicles of the right side as well as hemorrhoids, rheumatism and lumbago. As the years went on, by 1905, he also complained of a hernia, heart disease, asthma and "physical weakness." He also lost two inches of height, and all of his teeth. The federal government awarded him a pension of $8.00 per month.
The 1900 census of Philadelphia shows the family dwelled on 2318 Hancock Street in Philadelphia, with William's occupation listed as "moulder." That year, 30-year-old son Asa, marked as married, but perhaps separated, made his home under their roof with his four children.
Suffering for two years from diabetes, William died in Philadelphia at the age of 69 on Feb. 7, 1907. Death occurred in the Miners' home at 2318 North Hancock Street, in the city's 19th Ward. He was laid to rest in the family's newly purchased plot of graves in North Cedar Hill Cemetery, in Lot 588, Section I. He left behind no property, savings or insurance except for one small Metropolitan Life Insurance Co. policy for $118.00 to benefit his wife.
Mary outlived her husband by more than a decade. She was awarded her husband's military pension and received a check for $8.00 each month. She resided with her son Asa in Philadelphia at 2831 Mascher Street.
Having suffered a stroke, and as she declined into senility, in early 1918, Mary was treated by Dr. James Van Buskirk, whose offices were at 2130 North Hancock Street in Philadelphia.
Mary died on April 17, 1918, at the age of 73, at home. She joined her husband in eternal repose in the North Cedar Hill Cemetery. Dr. J.L. Wildey handled the funeral arrangements, which included a polished casket, outside case, lady's dress and slippers, five limousines to the cemetery and four pair of pallbearers' gloves.
~ Son George Douglas Miner ~
Son George Douglas Miner (1865-1931) was born on Feb. 5, 1865 in Mauch Chunk, Carbon County.
He moved to Philadelphia as a young man. He married Mary Diana George (1871-1955), the daughter of Solomon and Dianna George, on Oct. 5, 1889, at Slatington, Lehigh County. At the time, he was age 24 and lived in Philadelphia as a moulder, and she was 17 and made her home in Walnutport, Northampton County, PA.
They had five children, of whom four are identified -- Marion W. Lueckel, Helen Kingsberry, Ira B. Miner and William A. Miner.
In 1900, when the census was recorded, the Miners lived in Philadelphia on North Second Street, and George worked as an "iron moulder." Continuing to reside at 2831 Second Street in Philadelphia for several decades, the family lived there as marked on the 1910 and 1920 censuses, with George maintaining his trade skill as a molder in an iron foundry (1910) and as inspector in a hardware house (1920). By 1931, they had moved to a different house on the same block, with an address of 2829 North Second.
As he aged and retired, George began to show signs of senility. He was admitted to the Philadelphia Hospital for Mental Diseases. He died there of heart problems at the age of 66 on June 19, 1931. His remains were interred in Greenmount Cemetery.
Now widowed, Mary moved in with her married daughter Marion Lueckel at 439 Annsbury Street in Philadelphia. In the dead summer heat on the Fourth of July 1955, Mary suffered a heart attack and died at home the age of 83. She was placed by her husband's side at Greenmount.
Daughter Marion W. Miner (1890-1958) was born on Sept. 2, 1890 in Philadelphia. As a girl of 12, she solved a series of puzzles in the Philadelphia Inquirer -- involving hidden names, beheaded words and pictures -- and won a prize of one dollar, with her name printed in the June 29, 1902 edition of the newspaper. Her future husband appears to have shared this interest as he won prizes for solving these puzzles in the late 1910s. Circa 1910, when she was age 19 and still single, Marion was employed as a stenographer in a law office in Philadelphia, and in 1920 worked as a stenographer in an elevator manufacturing company, also in Philadelphia. At the age of 32, in 1922, Marion was joined in holy wedlock with 37-year-old Frank Lueckel (1885-1951), son of Harry and Louise (Hollenberg) Lueckel. Frank was of medium height and build, with light colored hair and blue eyes. Prior to marriage, George lived at 4048 North Franklin in Philadelphia and worked as head shipper for Hires Turner Glass Company, manufacturers and importers of plate glass, mirrors and window glass. The couple did not reproduce. For years, they dwelled in Philadelphia at 439 West Annsbury Street and were members of Alpha Baptist Church. Frank earned a living as a card stamper for the firm of Glendon T. Nicholas, and Marion was a stenographer for an elevator parts business. At the age of 66, Frank suffered a massive heart attack and died in Metropolitan Hospital. His remains were placed into repose in Greenmount Cemetery in Philadelphia. Marion survived him by seven years. For the last six of those years, she suffered from a lingering infection of her skin, known as "necrotic dermatosis," causing it to rot and which eventually became life threatening. Her illness became toxic and at the age of 67, she died on July 15, 1958. Burial was in Greenmount Cemetery, with a death notice appearing in the Inquirer.
Daughter Helen Miner (1891-1958) was born in October (or Nov. 24), 1891. Her occupation in 1910 was as a "lace minder" in a Philadelphia "lace mill." In 1915, when she was 24 years of age, she married 24-year-old Philadelphia native Andrew Kingsberry (1891-1973). He had blue-grey eyes and red hair, with a medium build and height. They produced these known offspring, Gordon Kingsberry, Helen M. Kingsberry and Marion M. Kingsberry. During World War I, Andrew registered for the military draft. At that time, he lived at 2507 Howard Street in Philadelphia and earned a living as a traveling salesman for the Standard Horseshoe Company headquartered in Boston, a position which he held for decades. When the federal census was taken in 1920, and again in 1930, the Kingsberrys dwelled in Philadelphia at the address of 4827 North Lawrence Street. By 1940, Andrew accepted a position as a manufacturer's agent for a steel company. Suffering from heart and blood vessel disease, Helen died at home at the age of 61 on April 17, 1958. Her remains were interred in North Cedar Hill Cemetery. Andrew lived for another 15 years after her death and moved to 6023 North Third Street. .He passed away on April 9, 1973. A death notice was published in the Philadelphia Inqurier.
Son Ira B. Miner (1894-1958) was born on Jan. 8, 1894 in Philadelphia. He never married. In 1920, at the age of 26, he lived at home, and was a sheet metal worker for a contractor in Philadelphia.He could well be the same "Ira Miner," living at Darien above Vine Street, who in April 1943 was found guilty of scavenging street litter and sentenced by Philadelphia Magistrate Keller H. Gilbert to 10 days' imprisonment in jail. In his 60s, living at 214 West Somerset Street in Philadelphia, he could only manage to generate income as a "scavenger." He was felled by pneumonia and died in Episcopal Hospital at the age of 64 on Feb. 17, 1958. Interment was in Greenmount Cemetery. His brother William A. Miner, of 4126 K Street, provided information for the death certificate.
Son William A. Miner (1907- ? ) was born in 1907 in Philadelphia. Circa 1958, he made his home at 4126 K Street in Philadelphia.
~ Son Asa C. Miner ~
Son Asa C. Miner (1869-1930) was born on June 20, 1869, in Mauch Chunk, Carbon County.
At the age of 19, he wed 18-year-old Maggie Roberts (1870- ? ), the daughter of Ellis Roberts of Slatington, Lehigh County, PA. Because they were underage, the groom and bride had to receive legal consent from their fathers. The ceremony was performed by Rev. John F. Scott on Sept. 8, 1888. At the time of marriage, Asa made his home in Slatington, Lehigh County, and marked his employment as "Founder" which may be short for "foundry."
They are believed to have had four children -- Raymond Miner, Norman Miner, George Miner and Bessie Rusk Frahner.
When the federal census was taken in 1900, Asa apparently had separated from Maggie and was living with the children under his parents' roof in Philadelphia. He and his father continued their longtime occupations as moulders.
After the father's death in 1907, Asa's mother came to live in their home, at 2831 Mascher Street in Philadelphia. Neighbors Harry Ginn and Mary Thron both testified that they had "known him as a neighbor of good character."
In 1920, when the federal census was enumerated, Asa resided with married daughter Bessie Frahner and her family at the Mascher Street address. That year, Asa worked as a molder in a foundry.
Asa's home address in April 1930 was with the Frahners 3403 East Aldine Street. Age 60 at the time, he had no occupation, and likely was dying.
At the age of 61, suffering from chronic bronchitis, Asa passed away on Christmas Eve 1930. He was laid to rest in Philadelphia's North Cedar Hill Cemetery. No stone marks his grave today.
Maggie's whereabouts and final story are not yet known.
Son Raymond Miner (1888- ? ) was born in November 1888.
Son Norman D. Miner (1891-1960) was born on Aug. 9, 1891. He married Roberta ( ? - ? ). Their home was at 2750 Front Street in Philadelphia. Norman was employed over the years as an operator with Philadelphia Transportation Company, the primary public transit system in the city. Burdened with hypertension and hardening of the arteries, Norman died at the age of 68 on May 23, 1960. His remains were lowered into rest at the George Washington Memorial Park in Whitemarsh, PA.
Son George Miner (1893-1943) was born on Jan. 14, 1893 in Philadelphia. He married English immigrant Elizabeth Clapham (1894-1918), daughter of Henry and Annie (Witherill) Clapham of England. They made their home with Elizabeth's parents at 141 Lippincott Street in Philadelphia, and George earned a living as a carpenter. During the epidemic sweep of influenza in the United States in 1918, Elizabeth became infected and died of bronchial pneumonia, at the age of only 24, on Oct. 14, 1918. She was interred in North Cedar Hill Cemetery following funeral services held at her mother's residence. A short notice of her death was published in the Philadelphia Public Ledger. Later, George moved to a new address at 9222 German Street. Suffering from heart disease at the age of 50, George was admitted to Philadelphia General Hospital and died there on Feb. 26, 1943. Burial was in North Cedar Hill Cemetery, with his sister Bessie Frahner signing the official Pennsylvania death certificate.
Daughter Bessie Rusk Miner (1896-1948) was born on May 13, 1896 in Philadelphia. At the age of 21, in 1917, she wed 22-year-old Benjamin "Franklin" Rowen Frahner (1895-1962). They had at least three children, among them Elizabeth Hazell, William Frahner and Harry Frahner. Sadly, son William only lived to the age of 11 days in April 1923 due to collapsed lungs. Bessie was a nurse by training. In 1918, newly married, she helped provide medical care for her dying grandmother, Mary "Ellen" (Derbyshire) Miner. The Frahners' first home was with Bessie's parents at 2831 North Mascher Street. Later, they moved to 9227 Cambridge Street in Philadelphia. The federal censuses of 1920 and 1930 show that Frank was employed as a knitter in a hosiery mill. Bessie suffered from coronary occlusion and passed away at the age of 52 on May 19, 1948. Her remains were placed into rest with her parents at North Cedar Hill. The Philadelphia Inquirer printed a death notice. Franklin outlived her by 14 years and remained in their home. We are looking into whether he may have married again, to Henrietta Gordon (circa 1954) and Loretta Sullivan ( ? - ? ). He spent his final years residing at 9227 Cambridge Street. He died on the Fourth of July 1962, at the age of 67. Burial was in North Cedar Hill, with a death notice appearing in the Inquirer.