Jacob Earlywine was born in 1784, presumably in or near Sand Hill, in the hills between Wheeling and Moundsville, WV. He is believed to have been the son or grandson of Abraham and Eva Catherine (Gasser) Earliwine, who were among the Ohio River Valley's earliest settlers, but his precise relationship needs to be confirmed.
The family surname also has been spelled a variety of ways -- primarily Erlewine and Earliwine but also Erliwine - Earlewine - Earlwin - and Earleywine.
Catherine (?) (1782-1852) was born in 1782, apparently in or near Sand Hill. One source gives her maiden name as "Sivert." Other sources state that she was the daughter of famed frontiersman and Indian fighter Martin and Mary Ann (Coffelt) Wetzel, This all need to be sorted out.
At the age of 27, in about 1811 or 1813, Jacob married the 29-year-old Catherine, with the ceremony taking place in Marshall County.
Their eight known children were Mary Earliwine, John F. Earliwine, Abraham Earliwine, Ann Elizabeth Cain, Sarah Earliwine, Joseph Earliwine, Susanna “Susan” Earliwine and George C. Earliwine. Other possible children were Diana Erlewine and Elizabeth Erlewine.
Circa 1810-1830, the census records them as living in Ohio County, VA (now West Virginia), receiving their mail at the Elizabeth post office. Three people were in their home that year -- Jacob and Catherine (two adults between the ages of 16 and 25) and one female under the age of 10. Two other Earliwine households in Elizabeth that year were those of Abraham Earlywine (eight occupants in the household) and Barney Earlywine (11 occupants).
Their farm was about several miles northeast of the county seat of the Ohio River town of Moundsville. The town was famed as the home of the ancient, prehistoric Grave Creek Mound. The 62-foot-high earthen mound, 240 feet in diameter, was built between 250 BC and 150 BC by the Adena tribe and was a tourist attraction since its original discovery by a European traveler in the 1770s. In September 1803, just 10 days after the launch of the Corps of Discovery in Pittsburgh, explorer Meriwether Lewis noted it in his journal as he and his troops pushed westward on the Ohio River to begin the great Lewis and Clark expedition. work the Earlywines were doing that late summer day, as the Lewis party floated quietly past the mound, can never be known.
On Feb. 17, 1846, when he was in his early 60s, Jacob agreed to lease the south half of the home farm, comprising 50-acres, to their son John. In the legal document on file today in the Marshall County Courthouse, the property was described as being on a line “near Barresford’s old house.” As no legal survey had been done, Jacob could only describe the length and direction of one of the boundary lines as “south for quantity.” Under the terms, the son was to lease the tract for five years and annually pay $25 in rent in four equal quarterly payments. If the son or any sub-tenants defaulted on any one of the payments, the father was to “have full power to recover and possess the same as if the lease had never been made.”
In 1850, when the federal census was taken, Jacob and Catherine resided in Marshall County's 33rd District.
Catherine is believed to have died on May 7, 1852 in Sand Hill, Marshall County, with burial in the small Earlywine Cemetery beside what is now Pappy’s Lane. The lettering on her grave marker had eroded badly over the years, especially in the past few decades. As best it can be deciphered, it reads as follows, with misspellings: "Anno: Domni - In Memry of Catherine Erlewine: who departed this life May the 7 1852 aged 69 years, 10 months and 11 days." [Find-a-Grave]
Jacob survived her by 15 years and is shown on the 1860 census, at the age of 76, to be living in Fair Hill, Marshall County.
During the Civil War, several Earliwines from Marshall County served in the Union Army. One of them was a grandson -- Stewart Earliwine (son of John F.), all of the 17th West Virginia Infantry, Company A. The others may have been Jacob’s nephews. These included Reuben Earliwine (son of Barnhart) of the 12th West Virginia Infantry, Company C -- Joseph Earliwine (son of Abraham) and Ebenezer Earliwine (son of Barnhart).
Jacob died in 1866 or 1867 in Marshall County, with interment beside his wife. A carved sandstone was placed at his grave bearing a written inscription. The wording has faded badly but reads as follows: "Anno: Domini - In Memory of Jacob Erlewine who departed..." with the rest buried underground or otherwise obliterated. [Find-a-Grave]
Jacob's will, written on Jan. 12, 1866, also is on file today at the Marshall County Courthouse. In it, Jacob said that he was of “sound mind and knowing the uncertainty of life” and, unable to sign his own name, wrote his mark witnessed by Joseph Nash and James Campbell (spelled “Cambbell”). Each of his children was to receive a bequest from the estate, in this order: Mary ($35), John ($20) Abraham ($30 plus obligations owed), Elizabeth ($35), Sarah ($35), Joseph ($20), Susan ($35) and George (all real and personal property to include paying a dowry to his siblings). The payments were to be made three years after Jacob’s death, after all debts and funeral expenses had been paid. Friends James Campbell, William Warden and Matthew Marsh were appointed to be appraisers of the estate.
The appraisers filed their inventory of Jacob’s property on June 15, 1867. A sale was held to dispose of these items, with the deceased’s son George – who was inheriting the farm – buying a majority of the goods. Some other articles at the sale included an auger, drawing knife and grindstone.
The items and appraised values include:
~ Son John F. Earliwine ~
Son John F. Earliwine (1811-1895) was born in 1811 in Marshall County.
He married Mary Ann Stewart (1824-1885) in about 1844, when he would have been 33 years of age and she 20. There was a 13-year age gap between the couple.
They produced eight known children – William Earliwine, John Thomas Earliwine, Hetty A. Earliwine, Stewart Francis Earliwine, William M. Erlewine, Mary E. Erlewine, Wylie Erlewine and Rebecca Jane Moore.
The 1850 U.S. census shows this family residing in Marshall County's District 33, with John earned a living as a farmer. In 1860, their post office was shown as Beeler Station, Marshall County.
When taken again in 1870, census records show the family near Cameron, Marshall County. That year, in addition to four children under their roof, the family provided room in their home for John's unmarried sisters Diana Earlewine (age 60) and Elizabeth Earlewine (age 50) and 17-year-old domestic servant Mary Seiner.
Mary Ann died at the age of 62, which would place her year of death at about 1885. Details may have been lost in the mists of unrecorded time. She rests under an upright stone in Fork Ridge Baptist Cemetery near Glen Easton, Marshall County.
John died on or about Dec. 7, 1895. No newspaper obituary has been found for him in the Moundsville Weekly Echo. [Find-a-Grave] The inscriptions on their upright grave markers -- photographed by the founder of this website in May 2016 -- are fading.
Son William Earliwine (1854-1933) was born on July 26, 1854. He married Lydia Ann "Liddie" Church (1863-1958), reported as the daughter of Hugh and Sarah Church. They had several children, among the known being Rose Kinneer, Clara Virginia Isingood (or "Isinghood"), Amanda Pelkey, Arthur Earliwine, Charles Earliwine and Hugh Earliwine. They were farmers and lived near Sherrard, Marshall County. Stricken with toxic shock from kidney failure added to heart disease, William died on Nov. 1, 1933. His remains were placed at rest in the Sherrard Cemetery. Lydia lived for another 25 years. She passed into eternity on Jan. 15, 1958. [Find-a-Grave]
Daughter Hetty A. Earliwine (1847- ? ) was born in about 1847 in Marshall County. In 1850, at the age of 22, she was unmarried and lived with her parents near Cameron, Marshall County. Her fate is unknown.
Son John Thomas “Tom” Earliwine (1850-1925) was born in May 1850. He married Rhoda Littleton (1852-1926), daughter of Charles and Rachel (Reese) Littleton. Their wedding ceremony took place in neighboring Greene County, PA in 1874. Rhoda appears to have been deaf, as shown by records of the U.S. Special Census on Deaf Family Marriages and Hearing Relatives, conducted between 1888 and 1895. Their offspring were Thomas Linza Earliwine, Lunzie H. Earliwine, Mildred "Millie" Hartley, John Harney Earliwine and Harry L. Earliwine. Thomas earned a living over the years as a laborer. Their dwelling was at 2013 Center in Moundsville. In May 1883, at the age of 33, he was named in a Civil War affidavit in support of a pension claim by his brother Stewart. Tom died on Dec. 4, 1925, at the age of 75, caused by progressive paralysis. Rhoda’s final year was spent at the home of her son Lunzie in Akron, OH at 1869 Flint Avenue. She contracted bronchial pneumonia at the age of 74 and died on Dec. 15, 1926. Her remains were returned to Moundsville for burial at Fork Ridge Baptist Cemetery in Glen Easton.
Son Stewart Francis "S.F." Earliwine (1845-1930) was born on Dec. 16, 1845 in Marshall County. As a young man, he stood five feet, 10½ inches tall, with a dark complexion, hazel eyes and dark hair. He resided near Glen Easton on the outskirts of Cameron, Marshall County. He served in the Civil War as a member of the 17th West Virginia Volunteer Infantry. Little is known of his service, other than he was brought low by hemorrhoids and a sore breast while on a spring 1865 march from Bulltown to Clarksburg, WV. He received medical treatment from Dr. M.R. Boyd. On Dec. 5, 1867, when he was 22 years old. Stewart was wedded to 22-year-old Sarah Littleton (1845-1919). Rev. Job Rossell officiated at the wedding, held across the state line in Greene County, PA. They had these known children – Mary "Bell" Logston, Flora F. Earliwine, Julia R. Earliwine, Stewart Milton "S.M." Earliwine, William Harry Earliwine, John H. Earliwine, and Ellen J. Earliwine. Tragedy wrapped this family in the 1880s when they lost 13-year-old daughter Flora, 11-year-old daughter Amanda and seven-year-old daughter Julia (all in 1883), year-old daughter Ellen (1888) and an unnamed infant son (1889). They were members of the Fork Ridge Baptist Church. Circa 1897, their home farm was near the village of Loudenville, Marshall County.
Afflicted with illnesses, Stewart used "his own prescriptions and family remedies such as are always used in old settled families," he wrote. Stewart applied for and began receiving monthly pension checks of $12 from the federal government as compensation for his wartime service. He cited the lumbago in his back, weakness in lower limbs and could "scarcely walk around." To his shock, however, the amount was reduced to $8 monthly in September 1894. He wrote many letters of protest to the U.S. Pension Commissioner in Washington, DC, saying the amount had been "unjustly reduced." Local friends Henry Sprouls and George W. Hartsell signed affidavits of support. At some point the payment was increased to $72 monthly. Stewart earned income in his later years by working as a postmaster and as a notary public. Sarah passed into eternity in 1919. Stewart survived her by 11 years and resided under the roof of his son Stewart at 910 Lafayette Avenue in Moundsville. In November 1929, government field representative William H. Wentz interviewed Stewart and reported that Stewart had testified "in a frank and open manner and it is believed that he was entirely honest and truthful. He is of excellent reputation." In elaborating further on Stewart's medical condition, Wentz wrote that "He walks with two canes most to the time and appears to be quite feeble but is able to walk about the house and he can and does go to the toilet and answers the calls of nature without aid. His eyesight is good for a man of his age and he can and does read the newspapers but uses glasses. His mentality is good." Stewart died at the age of 85 on July 24, 1930. An obituary in the Moundsville Echo noted his Civil War service and reported that he was survived by seven grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.
Son William M. Erlewine (1855- ? ) was born in about 1855 in Marshall County.
Daughter Mary E. Erlewine (1856- ? ) was born in about 1856.
Son Wylie Erlewine (1860- ? ) was born on May 13 or in August 1860 along Grave Creek.
Daughter Rebecca Jane Earlewine (1863-1926) was born on Sept. 12, 1863. On July 28, 1887, at the age of 24, she is believed to have been joined in marriage with 21-year old Franklin L. Moore (1866-1888). Rev. L.L. Steward presided at the ceremony held in Moundsville. Tragically, Franklin is believed to have died less than a year into their marriage, at the age of 21, on March 16, 1888. The remains were laid to rest in the Baptist Church Cemetery in Cameron. Rebecca apparently never remarried over the remaining nearly four decades of her life. She spent her years in Sand Hill. Stricken with cancer of the stomach, she died at the age of 62 on Feb. 20, 1926. Her remains were placed into repose in the Pleasant Valley Cemetery.
~ Son Abraham Earliwine ~
Son Abraham Earliwine (1821?- ? ) was born in about 1821. He married Sarah Cain (1821- ? ), the daughter of James and Mariah (Morley) Cain of Lynn Camp. See their biography for more.
~ Daughter Ann Elizabeth (Earlywine) Cain ~
Daughter Ann Elizabeth Earlywine (1816-1873) was born in about 1816. She married John Cain, son of James and Mariah (Morley) Cain of Lynn Camp. See their biography for more.
~ Son George C. Earliwine ~
Son George C. Earliwine (1820-1888?) was born on or about Feb. 7, 1820 (or 1822).
He married Catharina “Catherine” Cain (1827-1902), daughter of James and Mariah (Morley) Cain. They lived next to his parents on their old farm in 1850 when the federal census was taken.
Their five known children were Susanna T. Earliwine, Jacob Earliwine, John Earleywine, Sarah E.T. Earliwine and Maria Earliwine.
They are believed to have lived in or near the old Earliwine farm on Sand Hill, which included a border along a portion of the meandering Wheeling Creek. The 1850 census shows the couple, not yet having reproduced, living next door to his parents in Marshall County's 33rd District. In 1860, when the federal census enumeration was made, they made their home with George's elderly father in Marshall County's Webster District.
In 1871, an atlas was produced by F.W. Beers & Co. showing the northern panhandle of West Virginia encompassing Marshall as well as Brooke, Hancock and Ohio Counties. Individual farms were shown and named. and George appears as "G.C. Earliwine" in the Sand Hill section, just below the words "Earliwine Homestead." By that time, much of the old farm had been subdivided into smaller tracts owned by myriad other farmers. Several freshwater springs are located in the homestead vicinity as well as School No. 5 and School No. 7 in addition to the Methodist Church. View the entire map courtesy of the Library of Congress.
George died on March 17, 1888 at the age of 67. Burial was in the Sand Hill Methodist Church Cemetery.
Catherine lived for another 24 years. She passed away on June 13, 1902. A search has been made for her obituary in the Moundsville newspapers, at the Moundsville-Marshall County Public Library, but no copies were on file on microfilm for that date.
Daughter Susanna T. Earliwine (1850-1922) was born on March 31, 1850 in Sand Hill. She never married. She died of paralysis on Nov. 7, 1922. Thomas Earleywine of Elm Grove, WV was the informant for her death certificate.
Daughter Maria Earliwine ( ? -1855) is believed to have died young, on Oct. 20, 1855, with interment in nearby Sand Hill Methodist Church burying ground.
Son Jacob Earliwine (1855- ? ) was born in about 1855. Nothing more about him is known.
Son John Earlewine (1856-1939) was born on Dec. 4, 1856 in or near Sand Hill, Marshall County. He never married and devoted his life to farming on the old property above Wheeling Creek dating back to the 1700s. For two decades, he endured hardening of the arteries, which led to a massive stroke. He succumbed at the age of 82 on Aug. 25, 1939. Burial was in the Earlewine Cemetery in Sand Hill, with Thomas Earlewine of Elm Grove, WV signing the death certificate. The marker was photographed by the founder of this website in May 2015. His epitaph reads: “May he rest in peace.”
Daughter Sarah E.T. Earliwine (1859-1900) was born in 1859. As with her sister Susan, she never married. She died on July 25, 1900 at the age of 41, with burial in the cemetery of Sand Hill Methodist Church.
~ Daughter Diana Earliwine ~
Daughter Diana Earliwine (1810-1890) was born in about 1810.
She apparently never married. At the age of 60, in 1870, she dwelled with her married brother John F. Earliwine and his wife Mary Ann and family near Cameron, Marshall County. That year, her unmarried sister Elizabeth Earlewine (age 50) and 17-year-old domestic servant Mary Seiner also lived in the dwelling.
She died of "old age" in June 1890 when she would have been age 80. County death records listed her age as 74 but that probably was a guess.
~ Daughter Elizabeth Earliwine ~
Daughter Elizabeth Earliwine (1820- ? ) was born in about 1820.
She apparently never married. At the age of 50, in 1870, she dwelled with her married brother John F. Earliwine and his wife Mary Ann and family near Cameron, Marshall County. That year, her unmarried sister Diana Earlewine (age 40) and 17-year-old domestic servant Mary Seiner also lived in the dwelling.
~ Daughter Susanna Earliwine ~
Daughter Susanna Earliwine (1826- ? ) was born in about 1826.
At the age of 24, in 1850, she was unmarried and lived with her parents in Sand Hill.
~ Son Joseph Earliwine ~
Son Joseph Earliwine (1829-1906) was born in October 1829 (or 1827). He was a Union Army soldier during the Civil War. As an adult, he was five feet, 10½ inches in height and weighed 134 lbs., with a light complexion, light hair and blue eyes.
He never married.
On Aug. 30, 1864, Joseph enlisted in the 17th West Virginia Infantry, Company, commanded by Capt. Arthur Baker. Serving in the same company of the same regiment was Joseph’s cousin, Ebenezer Erlewine. He was discharged at Wheeling on June 30, 1865.
As he aged, Joseph increasingly suffered from lung, heart and kidney disease. He applied for and in April 1891 began receiving a federal pension as compensation for his wartime ailments. In filling out paperwork for the pension, one affidavit was witnessed by Silas Richmond and William M. Richmond. When examined at Sistersville in August 1891, physicians noted that he was “emaciated.” Friend C.J. Myers of Hazel, Wetzel County once noted that he had “heard [Joseph] complain frequently of pain in his breast,” while friend Thomas M. Lancaster of Conaway made a similar observation.
Circa 1891, his home was in Conaway, Tyler County, WV.
In his final years, Joseph received monthly military pension checks in the amount of $8.
Joseph could not overcome the effects of dropsy and, at age 77, passed into eternity on May 7, 1906.
~ Questions ~
Who is the Joseph Erlewine who married Rachel Reid (1838-1911?) in about 1865? Husband and wife were nine years apart in age, or perhaps even 15 as suggested by one source. One of their grandsons thought Joseph had been born in Germany and Rachel in Ireland.
They were longtime farmers in rural Marshall County and had eight children. Among the known offspring were Susanna Earliwine, John Dolliver Earliwine, Nancy E. Earliwine, James R. Earliwine, Edward Earliwine and William P. Earliwine.
In 1870, the Earliwines made their home as farmers in the Liberty District of Marshall County. The eldest three children -- Susanna, John and Nancy -- all had attended school within the year. Their home in 1880 was listed in census records as being in the Webster District of the county.
The census of 1900 -- of the Webster District -- shows that their seven-year-old grandson James W. Earlewine lived under their roof.
Joseph's fate is unknown.
Rachel may have passed in 1911. This needs to be proven with precision.
Daughter Susanna Earliwine (1855-1938) was born on Jan. 7, 1855 near Dallas, Marshall County. She wed Thomas Weir Beatty (1854-1933), son of William and Lutitia (Hill) Beatty of Ohio. They made their home in Washington, Washington County. PA, where Thomas was a longtime merchant. Their residence in 1932-1933 was at 255 Canton Avenue. Thomas endured heart and kidney problems as well as intestinal disease. He succumbed at the age of 78 on Jan. 25, 1933. Susan outlived her husband by five years and resided at 608 Broad Street. Suffering from heart disease and arthritis, Susan died at home on May 15, 1938. Interment was in Washington Cemetery.
Son John Dolliver (sometimes misspelled as "Oliver") Earliwine (1858-1930) was born on New Year's Day 1858 in Wetzel or Marshall County. He married Addie Forshey ( ? - ? ). They made their home on Power Street in the Elm Grove section of Wheeling. John was a laborer and retired in November 1929. At the age of 73, he suffered a cerebral hemorrhage and died the next day on May 16, 1930. Interment was in the Stone Church Cemetery.
Daughter Nancy Elizabeth Earliwine (1859- ? ) was born on Oct. 15, 1859. Her birth is recorded in Wetzel County birth records. But, confusingly, another Nancy E. Cain, daughter of the same parents, is marked to have been born on Oct. 22, 1860.
Son James R. Earliwine (1864- ? ) was born in about 1864.
Son Edward Earliwine (1866- ? ) was born in about 1866.
Son William P. Earliwine (1869- ? ) was born on March 26, 1869 at the forks of Fish Creek.